Submitted by Kemar J.D, Banking & Finance Student, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus
Barbados is currently under the BERT program funded by the IMF to undertake structural adjustment in the political economy. With the domestic debt profile of the economy being restructured to the detriment of local investors this gave the Government of Barbados a reduction in Debt to GDP ratio from approximately 175% to 123% which some in parliament referenced as Fiscal Space and the GOB continues to focus on government expenditure reduction hence workers still being layed off, cuts to SOE’S and making government more efficient. What the Minister of Finance didn’t speak on was the Balance of Payment and the constructs of Investment, export, imports and that of National Income accounting. Our national income can be directly linked towards our net foreign asset position
Contrary to popular belief income is not primarily governed by investment alone but by rises in exports evidence suggests Barbados receives a plausible level of FDI but still experiences slides in foreign reserves habitually. This may be attributed to the fact that Barbados does not achieve trade surpluses constantly or significant enough to have any major increases of Income on the balance of payments. One other pattern of foreign capital into developing countries is through a FDI channel when there is a general upswing in the world economy which will give rise to imports more than exports and therefore increase reserves. Case Barbados the current reserves in Barbados are artificially high due to up swings in lending from the IMF, CDB and World Bank, on this premise is where investment is powerful in determining national income in developing countries if there’s Governmental planning to mobilize investment into income generating ventures.
Currently the MOF expressed no planning policy to generate income into the domestic economy but sought to increase domestic taxes with no significant real wage increase or capital inflows which will further contract the economy also the world economy is expected to contract with predictions of a recession, BREXIT looms , de-dollarization, The Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU which will force Barbados into removing or significantly lowering import duties and tariffs from European goods and services which threatens our domestic sectors further. Lastly but most importantly absent is an economic policy to make available the savings from FDI available for domestic output as there is no incentive to do so in current climate and these excess savings will continue to drive up inflationary pressure in Barbados as soon as attempts are made to significantly increase employment
This is evident that Barbados cant sustain the level of reserves when international payments resume, without further borrowing, entering another debt restructuring as it extra-ordinary for a country the size of Barbados to maintain investment levels above export without a trade surplus policy in place to reduce the heavy burden on income sources of the GOB which are direct and indirect tax incomes in its majority. The GOB may embark on a drive to increase Net international investment position which brings Foreign Asset to more than Foreign liabilities achieving National Income increases which provides fiscal space needed to reduce domestic taxation which will bring generated growth to the GDP if managed properly
@ Kemar J.D
Thank you for this short but sweet version of the state of play in this BERT exercise of smile and mirrors
I guess by policy you mean that what seems missing in this borrowing from Peter to Pay Paul is a revenue generation element in our economy where we are selling good and services that offset our expenses
If de ole man ent get it properly do let me know
From all you said about BERT de ole man is wondering if this is an appropriate representation of BERT
You is a young man so I will understand why you are not going to respond
The analysis in this piece is coherent, but it is so badly written and punctuated that its meaning is obscured. Please David, edit things like this prior to publishing them.
The practice of BU is not to edit submissions. Mr. Stuart should be persuaded from the comments the importance of presentation.
This seems to be representative of UWI-(un)trained analysis, but Barbadians DO need a much better understanding of the seriousness of the situation in order to set about addressing our individual responsibilities. Government and Central Bank have to tip-toe around the subject so as not to create an all-out panic. CCC+ NEGATIVE is the worst credit rating in the world – and we have been given it !! Check the sources.
There is nothing wrong with any citizen sharing a view, this is what the student here has done. What some of you are looking for is a chapter and verse (blow by blow) how the economy will be rehabilitated, resuscitated from the economic comatose state. The blogmaster wonders if this is even possible given the many x variables at play. We know from the experience of the last 10 years an austerity period will have to be gone through, however we sugar coat it there must be pain. One does not stop printing 50 million per month and there is no fall out. One does not reduce the debt burden to create fiscal space by negotiating with bond holders without fallout. What concerns the blogmaster is whether we are addressing the underlying behavious to arrest the consumption model we have become addicted, lack of productivity and forex earning capacity etc.
We can discussed for 10 marks.
piece is your messaging that is a barrow full of rai with a big yap pushing it?
Yes to piece of De rock… The sale of goods and services in US dollars significant enough to ease further burdens in the domestic space
Have no issue with your view. Knocking ideas, asking questions etc is how we will learn together.
The blogmaster’s view on BERT is that as a priority ONE it is meant to stabilize. Coming out of the stabilization effort then the climate is more receptive to investment, FDI flows etc. Investment and activities to drive a growth plan is predicated on market confidence. A big learning coming out of the financial meltdown was the growth of behaviourable economics. You know why?
Discrete growth plans can only be outlined after a period of time has elapse when the market is stabilized to encourage confidence by external investors and internal private sector actors.
I agree with PLT.
However, I will not bash the university.
I hope the university encourages its students (who are stating an affiliation) to ask a friend/lecturer to review their article (regardless of where they are publishing the article).
The article is not published under the supervision of the university, it is a student who obviously felt contained to share a view. It should be encouraged. No dount the author will embrace the feedback. Sometimes mistakes distract from the meat of the message. The blogmaster is trained by now to filter the message therefore the errors will not be a challenge.
I remember printing my dissertation and handing it to friend for her review. I was surprise but grateful for her numerous comments,
Currently the MOF expressed no planning policy to generate income into the domestic economy but sought to increase domestic taxes with no significant real wage increase or capital inflows which will further contract the economy also the world economy is expected to contract with predictions
Hard ears wont hear soon yuh would feel
But then again commonsense sense not common.
The sounding of an alarm bell by an IMF consultant was loud and clear as he sought to alert govt for a new pathway for economic revenue stream an early warning but necessary
This govt is playing a deadly economic game with the people of barbados in the most pretentious up in your face policy
Borrowing from the IMF to pay down debt without having another viable source of retrieving income
Simply put when that one source of revenue can not be paid back barbadian households would be brought to their knees looking for safer ground to avoid the chaos and mayhem in the street
Stabilization means having other economic levers to pull all working hand in hand to balance and help pull the economic weight
Not a one sided policy of vodoo economics which can explode when unforseen curcumstances take hold negatively like what happen in the 2008 global melt down
Barbados economy does not have the luxury of wait and see but must have economic policies on hand which are viable to help restructure and build the economy
Bert policy only lends to borrowing but the necessary lever of repaying the debt is now being done by the people who would soon become over stressed and frustrated
A few BU BLOGGERS should read the article for it’s content and forget about the literary English presentation, these individuals are Barbados’s biggest problem. Mr Stuart is to be commended as a young student taking time to present his views, many of which hit the nail on the head. What Barbados needs is more of these upcoming individuals to assume a position in government where they can practice what the preach. The BERT PLAN can best be described as a bandaid for the bleed problem, however it’s not addressing the underlying wound which continues to fester.
i commend your public spirit in penning this article. your analysis seems to be right.
in presenting written articles for public consumption you ought to do a better job of editing or as some would say proof reading. some of your sentences ran on for too long and you often repeated yourself.
Brevity is sometimes a good rule.
dont let that stop you from publishing your thoughts. you will get better
@ David BU at 8 :54 AM
One of the primary lessons of an university education is that one has one’s published work proof read for clarity and inconsistency.
He is a student so I will reserve my comments for him personally. Kudos for attempting a subject which Nobel Laureates are still struggling with. Please continue to explore the issues.
As a young man Kemar, venturing into this area, you are to be commended for a few things.
You dared to come to Barbados Underground and comment as you thought on a subject of policy and practices that have this country pole axed
That alone is to be commended
In this rum shop (that is what it is referred to at times) to step up and speak will sometimes get you hit wit a few Banks Beer bottles but you have to learn to side step those and speak clearly to your subject.
The subject is going to be spoken to by a few, in the context that you submitted it.
But watch carefully for those who will think is as an attack on the puerile policies of the paltry party in power led by Mugabe, sorry Mia Mottley
And will attack you personally
Well done Kemar
In the spirit of Patriotism all right thinking barbadians independent supporters B or D should call on govt to put to table economic policies and take with seriousness the alarm bells which have begun to sound altering all that our economy cannot sustain itself on high taxes and borrowing
Govt needs to come clean
The author has tabled a dispassionate view is the state of the economy. You should take note.
What u David should take note is that the author is taking govt to task for putting barbadians households on a useless path of borrowing
A path which is unsustainable
A path which govt have followed for many years
A path which has put barbadian households in jeopardy and a path having no realistic results in repairing the economic damage to barbados
The author has added value to the discussion in a dispassionate way, one that will encourage others to read unlike the rankings from the rabid political partisans and those with agendas. These are the people that will help to love the country forward.
If there are young students at UWIwho want their opinions published, I welcome them to BU!
I am going to bet that many here pretend they understand the Latin phrases and literary pieces that sometimes occur.
I will also bet that they scramble for dictionaries and google the Latin phrases and then pretend they had it all covered.
I read the article it is far superior to several pieces of nonsense found on BU daily.
@David the GOB sets policy for economic development in Barbados therefore any confidence in the climate relies heavily on a direction. Due to the private sector or the citizens not perusing their own development agenda which could provide alternate eco systems for the GOB to plan around we rely on the current political economy. We are economic consumers in Barbados and until behavioural change occurs deep within the social fabric of our consumer patterns the confidence we seek will elude continuously and will remain with those who can afford to .
The climate must improve to encourage domestic and foreign investment to trigger growth. Given the state of the economy, credit ratings and the like it will take time to move from zero to a tipping point where the growth fired. We will be debating it to death in the coming weeks. The blogmaster is convinced this is a chicken and egg kind of discussion. Confidence will return based on the discipline by government managing KPIs the market views as important; managing cost, growing efficiencies, effectively communicating plans and projecting leadership etc.
A central bank graph.
David you can chery pick and point fingers in any direction.
The article specfically points to a telling sign of what is in store for barbadians ( and it is not good)
The Barbadian economy will remain sluggish for some time to come ……once Darwin Dottin remains on the GOB payroll.
Dottin needs to return home …. in the Barbadian public interest !
David (BU) get Dottin back home !
All of this talk and the simple truth is that all we are doing now is to get the real result by 2033!
Ask Owen Arthur if you all doubt that.
Years of rot William!
What will it be?
A cataclysmic event or continue touse reasonable arguments to propel organic change?
Which do you want?
Our investment in education should have steered us away from this point.
David February 24, 2019 4:49 PM
Years of rot William!
Our investment in education should have steered us away from this point
Yes indeed but when His rght Hon Errol Barrow tried that route
He was mocked and jeered and called despicable names by the opposing Blp sayin his plan wiukd have taken too long.
And the rest is history .Many of those educated flee the fair land looking for greener pastures
The oppisition in turn said those leaving were not needed
My oh my! now same opposition led by Mia Mottley begging those who left to come home and save the day.
Short memories indeed short memories
You know very well that the IMF program was politically marketed as a quick fix. That we would build up the forex and all will be well.
I wrote early on that it was only medicine and not a cure. Of course, when I mentioned 2033 the firecrackers said I was uninformed.
Now you getting dramatic and inferring that I am talking about Years of Roy!
Man just own up that your persistent parroting of worn out cliche ain’t blinding nobody to tha hard reality that the poor people getting juck hard and that is part of the bitter medicine and that the austerity program will see them hit harder.
Hopefully all will be well by 2033 as is the plan.
Rot not Roy
How was it marketed as a quick fix? Point is to links to support. Take an example from the author and support with supported positions.
I said “politically marketed “. In other words even here on BU , immediately after the signing of the agreement , all kinds of praise were flying around; then suddenly we heard that we “were back” and once more “punching above our weight”. You may prefer the term propaganda-I was being kind!
Obviously you don’t listen to call in programs. It is only now that the full reality is sinking in .And this would have been so if a DLP or any other government /party were in control.
I am simply saying: We need to understand the difference between a medicine and a cure.
I maintain it was “politically marketed” as a quick fix.
Agree with you politicians go overboard with the catch phrases forgetting the effect on the gullible. It is a flaw to be found in almost all members of the political class.
The IMF plan was marketed as the only way feasible to repay debt
Dont forget that during the dlp reign the elephants brought into the room were Reserves Falling and down grades which were used as boggy men catch phrase and attention grabber to put fear in the hearts of the people
The fear became a reality that even the lambs( unions) were willing to lay down with the Lions( private business) beleving that the problem was deep rooted and unsolvable by then govt.
With that effect all the flyers were well marketed pointing with bullseye precision at then govt blaming them for all of barbados problems with a vibrating effect that Present govt had the cure and fixes for barbados
Only now the flooish and guibble are waking up to a reality that govt reliance on economy cure is a potent medicine delivered by the IMF to govt and handed to the most vulnerable for them to drink.
Yet the worst is still to come as day by day as govt receives a pat on the back with an upgrade barbadian household suffer a financial fown grade with impending unemployment resulting in loss revenue
” Humphrey said the upgrade would come as soon as the money became available.”
Another photo op before a big contract is awarded.
In the meanwhile just power wash ( NOT sand blast ) the surfaces and slap on some non toxic paint.
buh doan mine me. I ent know much bout cunstruction.
I took a day time stroll in that market and vow never to buy nothing being sold there.couldn’t help but imagine the rats having a party during the market closing hours
“couldn’t help but imagine the rats”….I am guessing that stroll was post May 2018? As before that your imagination was most supportive of any public enterprise. You even imagined a global economic decline which had occurred years before, and Bim was the only place which hadn’t seen recovery. And after 8+ years of trying and failing, you still believed (imagined?) the prior administration had the ability to turn things around, even though they couldn’t tell us how or when. After all, they represented the same umbrella body your hero EWB, who still lives on in the minds of many, had birthed.
Isn’t Kemar a former Solutions’ candidate, hence a politician?
His message is making sense?
“.I am guessing that stroll was post May 2018? ”
They gun kill muh
Everybody doing comedy
You see that sort of shyte reasoning?
Isnt Kemar a former Solutions Barbados Canidate?
Wasnt Kerrie Oblong Head a former Democratie Labour Party representative?
Wunna cud really go and suck wunna employee pooch doah
And so dat de general public remembers where the campaign THAT WILL DEFEAT MUGABE WILL COME FROM here is de ole man picture
But i suppose dat you going argue how how brilliant Oblong Head has become AS A RESULT OF PUSHING HE MOUF all up in mugabe pudenda
Dat ent Comedyfest dat is Erotica rather Scatology heheheheheh
RE how brilliant Oblong Head has become AS A RESULT OF PUSHING HE MOUF all up in mugabe pudenda
AS AN ARDENT STUDENT OF HUMAN ANATOMY I AM SEEKING HERE TO ASCERTAIN SIR, WHICH ORIFICE IN THE PUDENDAL ENVIRONS THAT YOU ARE REFERRING TO SIR
ARE YOU SEEKING TO IMPLY THAT HE HAS BEEN APPLYING HIS LABIAE ORAE TO HER LABIAE IN HER PUDENDAL ANTERIORLY, OR ARE YOU SAYING THAT HE INSERTED HIS MOUF POSTERIORLY PASS HER SHELVES OF HOUSTON?
I AM NOT BEING MALICIOUS SIR…….I JUST TRYING TO ESTABLISH WHAT WE CALL IN ANATOMY THE RELATIONS OF HIS ORAL EXCURSIONS, AS REPORTED BY YOU
ANATOMY TOO SWEET DOUGH.. LOL
@ my Fellow Myope Dr GP
I would hazard and say that, given the length that he goes to verbally in his defence of Mugabe he has to be a long moufted hog
And, with a mouf of such platypusmic proportions, his oral protuberance would be applied posteriorly
You do know dat, next to deole man, you is probably de most hated man pun BU?
@PUDRYR et al
Some of you can learn from the conciseness, succinctness and relevance of input of the author.
@ the Honourable Blogmaster
You, more than anyone here, knows the overarching tenet behind any one of our blogs/posts
My fellow myope will post copious insights into The Living Word of My Father, which my fellow Patriot and Unbeliever (an spiritual oxymoron?) call a fallacy, and the Team of the Nameless Ones will say nothing.
When Dr. GP has championed Trump, a president who I because of my ammmm former calling, know to have put at risk militarily, neither fellow says anything.
But as soon as Dr. GP appended the words Mugabe Muttley Mottley to his comments and said that while Trump had delivered for the USA economy WHILE MOTTLEY HAD NOT, one of the tag team attacked him
And you dun know that Dr. GP DOES NOT PLAY DAT!!!
This young man Kemar has opened a can of worms that I am sure IS BEING WATCHED
I am surprised that the usual pundits did not come to comment here about the subject matter BUT I FIGURED THAT, BECAUSE OF THE GRAMMARIAN POLICE, Kemar’s laudable first effort suffered from a low turnout
But the fact is, while he could not come out and say anything negative about the Chairman Mugabe, the message that he delivered AND THE SHORTFALLS THAT HE POINTED OUT, shows that at least one young man is thinking
And he is a sharp one too BECAUSE HE MADE SURE after being bolder that this ole man, an anonymice, NOT TO SAY ANYTHING BAD ABOUT MUGABE
The blogmaster has acquired the art of turning the other cheek.
The article is a good one.
Just look at the intellectual arrogance of Georgie Porgie … he thinks that just because he can employ some unfamiliar medical terminologies that this will enhance his admiration on BU … but it only exposes his want of validation and recognition by the BU readership…🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
Focus on the issues raised, allow the blogmaster to manage the blog.
YOU REALLY WANT TO HEAR “unfamiliar medical terminologies?”
WELL IN THE PANCREAS THE DUCT OF WIRSUNG ANASTOMOSES WITH THE DUCT OF SANTORINI AT THE AMPULLA OF VATER, WHICH IS GUARDED BY THE SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
I THINK THAT I AM CORRECT IN SAYING THAT YOU CAN FIND ALL THESE IN THE EPIPLOIC FORAMEN OF WINSLOW!
RE This young man Kemar has opened a can of worms that I am sure IS BEING WATCHED
LETS HOPE THAT HE CAN ESCAPE TO A PLACE WHERE HE CAN SURVIVE AND NOT BE CRUSHED BY THE MACHINERY IN BIM THAT WOULD DESTROY ANY THAT THEY DO NOT LIKE BECAUSE THEY HAVE SOME ABILITY, BUT WHO DECIDE NOT TO TOW THE PARTY LINE.
NOW THAT MUCH OF THE BEST WE PRODUCED HAVE FLED………..WE MOURN AND SAY THAT OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM IS POOR…………AND NOW THE PRIMEWICKER IS BEGGING FOR ALL OVERSEAS BAJANS TO GATHER SO THAT SHE CAN EXTRACT WHAT EVER SHE CAN GET FROM THEM TO ADVANCE HER CAREER, BECAUSE OF HER LACK OF ACUMEN, AND THAT OF THOSE AROUND HER.
THE SCUM THAT SURROUND HER WILL COME TO BU TO TRY TO ATTACK ANY DISSENTING VIEWS. AND GRAB AT STRAWS LIKE THE DROWNING RATS THAT THEY ARE!
HAIL MIA MAO MUGABE MUTTLEY, THE PRIMEWICKER AND DEVELOPING DICTATOR!
This is so sad a testament to even look at.
I was reading your entry that tore the Nameless Ones # 1 a new one
Where you chronicled the sufferation that returning nationals experience
I read it all and I was forlorn
You know that if you or I were to return to that island tomorrow WE WOULD BE HARRASSED BY THE AGENTS OF MUGABE merely for dissent?
So those that remain live in fear AND THOSE WHO LIVE OUTSIDE HER PRISON VALUE THEIR FREEDOM SO MUCH, we decide never to return
I can only guess what Bush tea would say?
If one reads the conclusion, the key to this entire piece, is understanding ‘fiscal space’. (in as far as it is understandable) For it has more definitions than one can imagine. It is actually about the deployment of fiscal stimulus, and most definitions come with the caveat “without undermining fiscal sustainability”. The latter is a nice way of saying, it really depends on the politics of those in power.
If we look at Barbados, going into the recession of 07-08, the island had lots of ‘imagined/perceived’ (lower debt ratios) fiscal space. What becomes key, is not only how aggressive government is at deploying stimulus, but HOW is that stimulus deployed.
If memory serves the strategy of the government was to maintain employment levels and suppress consumer demand to protect foreign reserves. We know now that strategy will not work. The incumbents (not to be confused with incompetents) should takenite.
There will be pain, there must be pain. The greatest fear is that we continue with old behaviours.
The king of BU: Georgie Porgie, coined the phrase that Barbados was a country run by inferior superiors. The author of this post has cited the myriad of difficulties faced by this government and by extension her population. This population has to reevaluate their behaviour towards economic consumption. It is imperative that citizens of this country should “Buy local” and should try to avoid purchasing products or produce that are foreign. For example is it necessary to purchase a new motor car, if your current motor is five years old? The purchase of a new car will bring happiness and satisfaction to the buyer; however as our country does not manufacture motor vehicles it will have a negative impact on our foreign reserves.
At some stage of our development we have to recognise that we need to be exporting our services and products to all and sundry. Let’s look for niche markets that will bring high value to our economy.
My overarching fear is that we have a set of leaders in charge who will forever remain incapable of running our economy and society in an efficient and a cohesive manner. Thereby, negating the well intention aims of Barbadian citizens. Perhaps, just perhaps we the people may get it right on a micro level; however i fear that at the micro level our leaders will continue to fail us.
RE The incumbents (not to be confused with incompetents) ………..
ACTUALLY IN THIS CASE THE INCUMBENTS ARE THE INCOMPETENTS uh lie?
We need to let them develop a track record to earn the title. It has been less than a year to turn the ship.
“My overarching fear is that we have a set of leaders in charge who will forever remain incapable of running our economy and society in an efficient and a cohesive manner.”
You are joking right? Are you still at the fear stage?? A simple look at the facts and events of the past few decades should be enough to convince any right thinking person that our so-called leaders have not a clue. But not just the leaders…
“If a blind man leads a blind man, both will fall into a pit”
Bush Tea has run out of steam. The original Brass Bowl has nuttin to say
The high taxation has him constipated
He now sits on his “brassbowl looking for hope
Wuhloss muh belly
RE We need to let them develop a track record to earn the title. It has been less than a year to turn the ship.
MAN YOU ARE THE ETERNAL OPTIMIST SIR!
BUT WE HAVE COME TO WHAT THE LORD CALLED THE “TIMES OF THE GENTILES” COMING TO AN END IN LUKE’S ACCOUNT OF THE OLIVET DISCOURSE
EVERYWHERE THIS IS DISCORD AND DISUNITY AND DYSFUNCTION
EVERYWHERE THERE IS CHAOS AND CONFUSION , SUCH THAT PEOPLE ARE SO FULL OF HATE THAT THEY CANT THINK STRAIGHT
E.G IN THE USA BOTH PARTIES IN THE PAST THOUGHT THAT MASSIVE ILLEGAL CROSSINGS OVER THE SOUTHERN BORDER WAS A CRISIS.
BOTH PARTIES IN THE PAST VOWED TO FIX THIS PROBLEM BY ERECTING A SUITABLE BARRIER……..BY WHAT EVER NAME
BOTH PARTIES IN THE PAST FAILED TO KEEP THEIR PROMISE TO DO SO
NOW BOTH PARTIES ARE FAILING TO ASSIST TRUMP IN ACHIEVING THEIR PAST OBJECTIVE, SIMPLY BECAUSE THEY HATE HIM
BUT GOD IS WORKING HIS PURPOSE OUT…….AND THE TIME IS DRAWING NEAR …WHEN THE EARTH SHALL BE FILLED WITH THE GLORY OF GOD AS THE WATERS COVER THE SEA
THE WRITING IS CLEARLY ON THE WALL!
I MUST CONFESS THAT I LIKE UM!
Many Barbadians of poor means left to work their tail off in foreign hostile environments. They sacrificed through hostile weather and often confronted racism. Many sent hard earned cash back to help their families and built the economy.
Yet every time we had a problem we said it must be corrected for tourists:
Smile for the tourists
Keep the island clean for the tourists
Fight crime to protect tourism
Improve services for the tourists and investors.
Keep the country clean for tourists.
Seldom did we hear a simple message such as:
Let’s do our best so that those Bajans who will return to spend their golden years would be proud of how we kept the country for them to enjoy or
Let’s remember that many Bajans sent millions of dollars back to build the country and we need to show them it was not wasted.
Sounds simple? If that was instilled in young minds they would perhaps understand a bit more of pride and industry.
We choose to tell them keep the place clean etc for people they see riding around in mokes,who take flight after six or so days………
The analysis in this piece is coherent, but it is so badly written and punctuated that its meaning is obscured. Please David, edit things like this prior to publishing them.(Quote)
This seems to be representative of UWI-(un)trained analysis, but Barbadians DO need a much better understanding of the seriousness of the situation in order to set about addressing our individual responsibilities.(Quote)
The article is not published under the supervision of the university, it is a student who obviously felt contained to share a view. It should be encouraged. No dount the author will embrace the feedback. Sometimes mistakes distract from the meat of the message.(Quot e)
A few BU BLOGGERS should read the article for it’s content and forget about the literary English presentation, these individuals are Barbados’s biggest problem. Mr Stuart is to be commended as a young student taking time to present his views, many of which hit the nail on the head. (Quot e)
Isn’t Kemar a former Solutions’ candidate, hence a politician?(Quote)
What in the comments you have posted support your claim that he was mauled by BU commenters. You may have the last word as you always do even when exposed for wrong.