Innocents In A Barbed Wire Cage: Little Black Children Of The Rhineland In Germany

Submitted by Yardbroom

Historic urban centers of the German Rhineland, from Mainz to Cologne (map of 1909) - Wikipedia

I will ask the obvious question, before it is asked of me.  Yardbroom why do you write of this now almost a hundred years later?  I could be flippant and retort, why not.  However, a serious question deserves a considered answer and in so doing, I simply state October is Black History Month and if  now is not appropriate for black history, when?

A defeated Germany after the first world war was subdued and as is often a retribution of war, had foreign soldiers on it’s soil – the  Rhineland.  This was barely tolerable but that some of those troops were black, seemed to pile humiliation on humiliation.  As is often the case when men and women inhabit the same environment; despite prejudice, laws and a plethora of different obstacles, some even if only a tiny segment, will have sexual contact.  This leads to relationships some casual, others more permanent and eventually marriage.

Later, Hitler in his book Mein Kamph in an effort to explain away the German women who associated with  black French colonial soldiers called the women “bitches and whores.”  At the end of the 1st World War what appeared casual became permanent and the soldiers married German women.  Into this mix were German settlers returning to the fatherland with black women whom they had married abroad as well as a few missionaries from Africa.

During the Third Reich the black population in Germany was no more than 500-800 persons, miniscule in comparison to a German population in excess of 60 million but numbers, position or class matter little when race dictates regulation.

A Programme – note the word programme – was organised under Dr. Eugen Fisher of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology Human Heredity and Eugenics – as a black person, when you hear grand sounding names be watchful and guarded and be slow to be impressed – he used the 1933 Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring.

  For through this Law, the knife was taken to those young flowers of innocence, children of a union between black men and German women.  “Some 400 children of mixed parentage were arrested and sterilized”.

In the dark corners of men’s minds lurk a flickering ember of remorse and it was said the Nazis went to great lengths to keep their sterilization and abortion programme secret, but history has a way of being recorded.  The Nuremberg laws of September 1935 had prohibited miscegenation but those children in most cases were of legitimate marriages and informal unions before 1935….it mattered not.

The fate of other people in Germany from 1933-1945 has been well recorded, but here I focus on the innocent children who without any knowledge of their fate, were arrested and taken to the knife to be sterilised for no other reason than that they had black blood in their veins.  When the seeds of hate and naked prejudice are sown and germinate in darkness they often flourish later in full bloom in the light, as the second world war – 1939 – 1945 has shown us.

This is Black History month – October –  so if only for a second we dwell on those frightened souls, young children taken to a place for their ability to procreate to be unceremoniously extinguished.  We must feel their pain, for in so doing we understand what it is to be black and remember the mantra of those who laboured before us….stay alive.

“In 1978, research was to be done involving the 800 children, but not one was found.  It was speculated that most if not all died in the camps under the Nazis euthanasia program.  Under the Nuremberg Laws, the euthanasia program was designed to exterminate those who were considered genetically inferior.”

Acknowledgment to the Washington Post

82 thoughts on “Innocents In A Barbed Wire Cage: Little Black Children Of The Rhineland In Germany


  1. WITH so many issues in Barbados, why would I want to get tie up in this article ????
    SHOULD I steuuupppppseeee——???


  2. Great article for its historical significance. There is no shame in telling our stories, especially those that have not been passed on and this one was news to me. Thank you for sharing, though it hurt the very core. Though Black history month is not only the black history of the United States, thank God they started the tradition. The story was well written and certainly was worth documenting, painful though it was.


    • Slightly off topic the following article makes for riveting attention. Here is a snippet:
      Excuses are used to deflect us from what we need to do. One of them is that slavery ended too long ago and perpetrators and victims are dead. But, in one of the most iniquitous expropriations in history, Haiti was forced to pay reparations to France up to the 1950s, more than 150 years after the Haitians had defeated the French to end slavery. In 1995 Britain paid compensation to the Maori in New Zealand for the theft of their lands in 1863. But they would not compensate Zimbabweans whose lands and cattle were seized up to 1965. Germans, who wiped out 80 per cent of the Herero in Namibia early in the 20th century reject their reparations claims. No respect for Africans.
      +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
      Trinidad Express Newspaper National News of Trinidad and Tobago
      Print this article
      Reparations and respect
      Originally printed at http://www.trinidadexpress.com/commentaries/Reparations_and_respect-131194838.html
      By Khafra KambonOctober 5, 2011
      In 1782, the 70-year-old African woman, whose “master” had been killed in a war, made her case to the US Senate and House of Representatives:
      “The face of your petitioner is now marked with the furrows of time, and her frame feebly bending under the oppression of years, while she, by the laws of the land, is denied the enjoyment of one morsel of that immense wealth, a part whereof hath been accumulated by her own industry, and the whole augmented by her servitude.”
      She went on to press her claims for “the just returns of honest industry”, requesting “that such allowance may be made, out of the estate of Colonel Royall, as will prevent her and her more infirm daughter, from misery in the greatest extreme, and scatter comfort over the short and downward path of their lives.”
      This petition, the first claim for reparations of which I am aware, came from a woman recorded only as “Belinda”. As if she was a dog or a cat, Belinda, whose African name was banned by law, had been given no surname by those who renamed her. Like fellow enslaved Africans, as well as the horses and cattle, she would be identified with marks of the plantation burned into her skin by the branding iron.
      She was only 12 years old when kidnapped, but 58 years later, the memory of the middle passage still haunted her, hundreds of “Africans in chains, suffering the most excruciating torment; and some of them rejoicing that the pangs of death came like a balm to their wounds.” In 1789 the British Privy Council estimated that 12½ per cent of our people died on the trans-Atlantic crossing.
      Motivated by such realities, Caribbean Prime Ministers, Ralph Gonsalves of St Vincent and the Grenadines, and Baldwin Spencer of Antigua and Barbuda, made broader reparations demands at the United Nations General Assembly on September 24. Their voices are part of a growing movement seeking reparations for the past wrongs that dehumanised countless millions of Belindas and their children, and their children’s children, from the middle of the 15th century to the last act of abolition in Brazil in 1888.
      When Belinda petitioned, her words expressed the widespread feelings of the uprooted millions in the Americas, including the Caribbean, who were stripped of language, religion, and all visible markers of identity, physically and psychologically abused, and literally worked to death, most by their early 20s, without pay.
      When reparations advocates talk today, millions of descendants of the enslaved either do not hear or read the words, do not understand the cause, or believe it is a hopeless one. Even more tragic are those convinced that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and chattel slavery, the most savage crimes in all of recorded history, rescued them from barbarism in Africa.
      Those who think so lowly of themselves, who are blind to the incontrovertible facts of history now extensively documented by historians of every colour, and reflected in several UN volumes on the history of Africa, may pause to consider the words of Lord Anthony Gifford, British Queen’s Counsel, who admits his own family benefitted directly from the rape of Africa. In outlining the legal basis for reparations, Gifford said:
      “On the African continent, flourishing civilisations were destroyed, ordered systems of government were mashed up; millions of citizens were forcibly removed and a pattern of poverty and underdevelopment directly resulted, which now affects nearly every resident of Black Africa.”
      As a people we have to overcome misconceptions about Africa, and therefore ourselves, the psychological effects of prolonged and untreated trauma, inculcated feelings of inferiority, and the continued bombardment of negative images, to advance our morally just claim for reparations. The legal basis for it was strengthened when the 2001 UN World Conference Against Racism declared that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and chattel slavery were crimes against humanity.
      What is needed now is the political clout of a conscious and mobilised global African people, determined to force the setting up of a special international tribunal, such as the one at Nuremberg that awarded the Jews reparations and created new precedents in international law.
      Many reparations claims triggered by the Nuremberg judgement succeeded, most without court intervention. The Japanese-Americans received reparations from the US government for their internment in World War II. Iraq was forced to pay reparations for invading Kuwait. Many indigenous peoples have received reparations. Inadequate it is true, reflecting the power imbalance, but the principle is recognised. Far more numerically strong Africans, with tremendous wealth in resources and in control of States, are treated with contempt.
      Excuses are used to deflect us from what we need to do. One of them is that slavery ended too long ago and perpetrators and victims are dead. But, in one of the most iniquitous expropriations in history, Haiti was forced to pay reparations to France up to the 1950s, more than 150 years after the Haitians had defeated the French to end slavery. In 1995 Britain paid compensation to the Maori in New Zealand for the theft of their lands in 1863. But they would not compensate Zimbabweans whose lands and cattle were seized up to 1965. Germans, who wiped out 80 per cent of the Herero in Namibia early in the 20th century reject their reparations claims. No respect for Africans.
      While the African reparations movement is growing therefore, it needs to reach earth-shaking proportions, because the claim is massive and those opposed wield considerable power in the world. But we have to succeed. It is not only about money. On the way to victory we will reclaim our self-respect and regain the respect of others.
      • This column, commemorating the International Year for People of African Descent, appears fortnightly


  3. maybe we are still living in a bubble . They are still many basic Human rights violations in the caribbean that have not been addressed by our own Governments being ram roded upon their own people in fear that those who are committing them might seek reprisal and with hold the almighty dollar or their investments.


  4. Even in battle they are made to separate.

    I am trying to locate the story where in 1944 thousands of American Black were recruited, outfitted with uniforms made to wait transhipment somewhere in Florida and mercilessly gunned down by US GI’s as part of the American extermination program.

    And the other story where after the war in 1945 they were quickly deported from Europe and as they made their way back home in the South hundreds were lynched as a coming home present. Not only the Germans were into this extermination shit.

    There is a nice flick Windtalkers (2002) on how the Navaho were used as code bearers in the war against Japan. They too thought they were contributing to something that would serve to their advantage. They weren’t even looked at as human beings …!

    Talk about the National Socialist Party all you want John but it received a hell of a lot of real support from powerful people from around the world (Lehman Brothers, Goldman Sachs, Prescott Bush …)


  5. BLACK GERMAN HOLOCAUST VICTIMS
    (Received via email)

    So much of our history is lost to us because we often don’t write the history books, don’t film the documentaries, or don’t pass the accounts down from generation to generation. One documentary now touring the film festival circuit, telling us to “Always Remember” is “Black Survivors of the Holocaust” (1997). Outside the U.S. , the film is entitled “Hitler’s Forgotten Victims”(Afro-WisdomProductions). It codifies another dimension to the “Never Forget” Holocauststory-our dimension.

    Did you know that in the 1920’s, there were 24,000 Blacks living in Germany ? Neither did I. Here’s how it happened, and how many of them were eventually caught unawares by the events of the Holocaust.

    Like most West European nations, Germany established colonies in Africa in the late 1800’s in what later became Togo , Cameroon , Namibia , and Tanzania . German genetic experiments began there, most notably involving prisoners taken from the1904 Heroro Massacre that left 60,000 Africans dead, following a 4-year revolt against German colonization. After the shellacking Germany received in World War I, it was stripped of its African colonies in 1918.As a spoil of war, the French were allowed to occupy Germany in the Rhineland-a bitter piece of real estate that has gone back and forth between the two nations for centuries. The French willfully deployed their own colonized African soldiers as the occupying force. Germans viewed this as the final insult of World War I, and, soon thereafter, 92% of them voted in the Nazi party. Hundreds of the African Rhineland-based soldiers intermarried with German women and raised their children as Black Germans.

    In Mein Kampf, Hitler wrote about his plans for these “Rhineland Bastards”. When he came to power, one of his first directive was aimed at these mixed-race children. Underscoring Hitler’s obsession with racial purity, by 1937, every identified mixed-race child in the Rhineland had been forcibly sterilized, in order to prevent further”race polluting,” as Hitler termed it.

    Hans Hauck, a Black Holocaust survivor and a victim of Hitler’s mandatory sterilization program, explained in the film “Hitler’s Forgotten Victims” that,when he was forced to undergo sterilization as a teenager, he was given no anesthetic. Once he received his sterilization certificate, he was “free to go”,so long as he agreed to have no sexual relations whatsoever with Germans.

    Although most Black Germans attempted to escape their fatherland, heading for France where people like Josephine Baker were steadily aiding and supporting the French Underground, many still encountered problems elsewhere. Nations shut their doors to Germans, including the Black ones.

    Some Black Germans were able to eke out a living during Hitler’s reign of terror by performing in Vaudeville shows; but many Blacks, steadfast in their belief that they were German first, Black second, opted to remain in Germany . Some fought with the Nazis (a few even became Lut Waffe pilots!)

    Unfortunately, many Black Germans were arrested, charged with treason, and shipped in cattle cars to concentration camps. Often these trains were so packed with people and (equipped with no bathroom facilities or food), that, after the four-day journey, box car doors were opened to piles of the dead and dying.

    Once inside the concentration camps, Blacks were given the worst jobs conceivable. Some Black American soldiers, who were captured and held as prisoners of war, recounted that, while they were being starved and forced into dangerous labor (violating the Geneva Convention), they were still better off than Black German concentration camp detainees, who were forced to do the unthinkable–man the crematoriums and work in labs where genetic experiments were being conducted. As a final sacrifice, these Blacks were killed every three months so that they would never be able to reveal the inner workings of the”Final Solution.

    “In every story of Black oppression, no matter how we were enslaved, shackled, or beaten, we always found a way to survive and to rescue others. As a case in point; consider Johnny Voste, a Belgian resistance fighter who was arrested in1942 for alleged sabotage and then shipped to Dachau . One of his jobs was stacking vitamin crates. Risking his own life, he distributed hundreds of vitamins to camp detainees, which saved the lives of many who were starving,weak, and ill–conditions exacerbated by extreme vitamin deficiencies. His motto was “No, you can’t have my life; I will fight for it.”

    According to Essex University ’s Delroy Constantine-Simms, there were Black Germans who resisted Nazi Germany, such as Lari Gilges, who founded the Northwest Rann –an organization of entertainers that fought the Nazis in his home town of Dusseldorf –and who was murdered by the SS in 1933, the year that Hitler came into power.

    Little information remains about the numbers of Black Germans held in the camps or killed under the Nazi regime. Some victims of the Nazi sterilization project and Black survivors of the Holocaust are still alive and telling their story in films such as “Black Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust”, but they must also speak out for justice, not just history.

    Unlike Jews (in Israel and in Germany ), Black Germans receive no war reparations because their German citizenship was revoked (even though they were German-born). The only pension they get is from those of us who are willing to tell the world their stories and continue their battle for recognition and compensation.

    After the war, scores of Blacks who had somehow managed to survive the Nazi regime, were rounded up and tried as war criminals. Talk about the final insult!

    There are thousands of Black Holocaust stories, from the triangle trade, to slavery in America , and to the gas ovens in Germany . We often shy away from hearing about our historical past because so much of it is painful; however, we are in this struggle together for rights, dignity, and, yes, reparations for wrongs done to us through the centuries. We need to always remember so that we can take steps to ensure that these atrocities never happen again.

    For further information, read: Destined to Witness: Growing Up Black >in Nazi Germany , by Hans J. Massaquoi.


  6. @ DAVID

    The so-called “REPARATIONS” paid from 1827 to 1947 to France* is mired in more political sociology than this blog is capable of addressing at this time…

    But as “NASTY” as France was and is – “WHAT ABOUT THE INFAMOUS LEGACY of François “Papa Doc” Duvalier and his son’s embezzlement of Haiti’s aid and project monies to the tune of almost ONE BILLION DOLLARS…

    The said France became the domiciled exile of these nefarious characters which makes you wonder if there was a systematic ploy on the part of the FRENCH * elite powers to punish Haiti for her colonial transgressions???


  7. @ DAVID

    May I suggest that the whole “ISSUE” surrounding this idea of BLACK HISTORY MONTH* centers around MISINFORMATION*, is MISPLACED* and is patently MISDIRECTED* in its objectives…

    The JEWS* have been able to achieve MOST FAVORED* nation status (although HATED* by many) due to their historical penchant to not allow the world to forget the HOLOCAUST* and in turn became quite successful through the POLITICAL* process in negotiating “REPARATIONS” past & present for the travesties they suffered at the hands of their enemies…

    BLACK FOLKS HAVE SUFFERED EVEN WORST – so why is there no social, political, economic, moral or religious CAPITAL* to expropriate what is rightfully our LARGESSE???

    Why has this conundrum not been identified as a stumbling block against socioeconomic appeasement?

    But a simple answer won’t even do any justice without the “WILL” to make it a REALITY*…


  8. Because over the short period of a few hundred years Jews stopped looking Middle Eastern/Mediterranean and became White ….! Blacks have a lot further to go before they start looking White … Then and only then will reparations be considered.

    So endeth the reading …


  9. These atrocities will never happen again.? Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and the Soviet Union, we have a new breed of people in the old Soviet Block, for whom time has stood still since the days of Stalin and whose views run along the same lines as those of The Fuhrer, Adolph .Bulgarians, Russians, the former East Germans and others. West Germans have come to grips with their past,and see things differently now, although you may still fine a small core of fanatics.


  10. Good Stuff. I am sorry for the person living in the bubble. Not only is Black history ignored; notions of what is beautiful have been also projected for hundreds of years, following some Darwinian theory about the evolution of the human race – suggesting a particular race or races is/are more evolved than the black race. This theory is also linked to an idea that the more technologically advanced we are the higher and more refined our perceptions of beauty. All this started somewhere in an old world culture that refuses to die, but reappears in many not so obvious ways. Clearly we need to know more about the Black holocaust and that reparations in Haiti blighted the country’s progress, that black people fight in the West’s wars to this day, often not sure if they are doing the right thing, – their history what it is. This discussion is a great one and thank you for posting this information. In an era when people don’t even know or remember who Marcus Garvey or Booker T Washington, or Toussaint L’Ouverture, Dessalines, Cristophe, and all the black heros and heroines who fought very important social and political wars, often paying with their lives … so that we could be free to live in bubbles, and people like Rihanna could go and talk hogwash about not being a role model for any culture or country, it is very relevant that this kind of conversation continues… we have a lot to do. when you read the information on the internet, when you see the biases against developing countries in every single sphere then you know the world has changed but only so much.


    • @WordSong

      Good stuff!

      A pity many who we can describe as current day successful Blacks fail to make the linkage to what our forefathers had to sacrifice and by their actions desecrate the memory of their memory.


  11. It is more than a pity. Outside Martin Luther King. The Blacks who have made it to the top especially those in government havehad very little to offer their race other than lip service. We keep bringing up Haiti as a point of reference but how many governments in the region have had the audacity to challenge the USA about their commitment towards Haiti. I think most of us in an effort to divert from the present we fall back on the past.but it seems as if we haven;t learned anything. but Talk ! Talk! and more Talk .


  12. @BAFBFF and over in good ole England during the war (2) a black American soldier was hanged for raping an English woman. In those days the United States imposed the death sentence for rape,accordingly. Years later in a documentary, the lady who was “raped” admitted that she had a secret love affair with the soldier,but society as it was then, she had no option but to go along with the trumped up charge,especially as her husband had just returned home from the war front. She wished on the programme, if only she was able to just turn the clock back and tell the truth.
    Just goes to prove that all is not fair in love and war..


  13. A personal experience I had in Germany, back in the early ’70’s . I was on an exercise in the south east of West Germany, went into pub with four other soldiers ,all Englishmen. The pub,or Gastatte, was naturally filled with Germans. Sitting at a table together, four elderly German males looked over at us, and one came over and, gave me a few Deutsche Marks, indicating that was to buy bear. My squaddie mates and I took turns in buying a round a beer, when it came to my turn, I went up to the bar, bought the beers, and on my return was admonished by the four elderly Germans, who told me not to buy any beer for “those white bastards.” These were white Germans ,mind you. But it transpired that during the war, these men along with the rest of their unit were captured in France by the Americans, after running out of water. At the POW camp, they said, the white American Military Police treated them like shit,but the black MP’s were most humane in their treatment towards them.
    Now here we have a bunch of men, who in their early days went into war believing what Hitler and his cronies had told them about black people,only to come out of that war discovering that Hitler was wrong in his assessment.


  14. @ac We keep bringing up Haiti as a point of reference but how many governments in the region have had the audacity to challenge the USA about their commitment towards Haiti.
    =====================================
    Caribbean leaders,Dipper Barrow excluded,have learned long ago not to bite the hand that feeds them.
    Do you remember how the US treated those Caribbean leaders who were on their way to Haiti , to assess the damage after the earthquake.
    As Bajans would say, like lil boys in de yard.


  15. Colonel Buggy

    The unfortunate thing is that the mates of the hanged man forgave the bitch…. As for the old German POW’s they discovered the main weakness of almost ALL non-White peoples … they have a penchant to be kind to White strangers, and it has always ultimately lead to their downfall! Japan could have wiped Pearl Harbor off the map, but decided that they made their point and withdrew prematurely. In the end they got not one but two nuclear weapons shoved up their asses …!


  16. @ Colonel
    Look at the Troy Davis Story very little comment by the BU Household concerning his Story a story which was widely covered by local as well as international press. Yes he was a black man being put to death with a swirl of controversy concerning the evidence and witness. Where was the outcry here on BU. But HA! lets talk about Palestine and Israel and the battle lines are drawn. it makes one shake their heads and question? Where does Blacks true allegiance lie. On one hand an Israel/Palestine with little or no interest to their race whatever the outcome and on the other hand some thing that is of personnel interest to their race they totally ignored reference :TTRoy Davis case”.


  17. colonel buggy mr barrow was all barlk and no bite ; he played to the gallery and said what people wanted to hear. mr baarow’s foreign policy mimicked that of the usa while criticising the usa from the corner of his mouth. eg, he was a vocal supporter of cuba but did not in vite cuba to the independence celebrations. ask yourself why? i am not trying to denigrate the memory of mr barrow, under his leadership barbados accomplished much but he also got a lot of credit for things he did not do.


    • @ac

      The BU household tries to cover as much as we can but we are not CNN with limitless resources but we do try.

      Here is another matter which we could easily have further discussed:

      “Mumia Abu-Jamal’s Death Sentence is Unconstitutional, United States Supreme Court ruled today.

      – Posted by SendMeYourNewson October 11, 2011 at 12:05pm – View Blog

      *United States* *Supreme Court Rejects Appeal from Philadelphia DA’s Office *

      *Mumia Abu-Jamal’s Death Sentence is Unconstitutional** *

      * *

      Today the United States Supreme Court rejected a request from the Philadelphia District Attorney’s Office to overturn the most recent federal appeals court decision declaring Mumia Abu-Jamal’s death sentence unconstitutional. The Court’s decision brings to an end nearly thirty years of litigation over the fairness of the sentencing hearing that resulted in Mr. Abu-Jamal’s being condemned to death. Mr. Abu-Jamal will be automatically sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole unless the District Attorney elects to seek another death sentence from a new jury.

      The NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc. (LDF) and Professor Judith Ritter of Widener Law School represent Mr. Abu-Jamal in the appeal of his conviction and death sentence for the 1981 murder of a police officer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Supreme Court’s decision marks the fourth time that the federal courts have found that Mr. Abu-Jamal’s sentencing jury was misled about the constitutionally mandated process for considering evidence supporting a life sentence.

      “At long last, the profoundly troubling prospect of Mr. Abu-Jamal facing an execution that was produced by an unfair and unreliable penalty phase has been eliminated,” said John Payton, President and Director-Counsel of LDF. “Like all Americans, Mr. Abu-Jamal was entitled to a proper proceeding that takes into account the many substantial reasons why death was an inappropriate sentence.” Professor Ritter stated, “Our system should never condone an execution that stems from a trial in which the jury was improperly instructed on the law.”

      Mr. Abu-Jamal’s case will now return to the Philadelphia County Court of Common Pleas for final sentencing.”


  18. Few in authority, in Germany today, would approve of the horrid treatment of Black people and other “minorities” that the Nazi’s perpetrated. If only those in authority in Uganda, TODAY, would disapprove and apprehend the perpetrators of child sacrifice.

    “Pastor Sewakiryanga says without the full force of the law, there is little that can be done to protect Uganda’s children from the belief in the power of human sacrifice.

    “The children do not have voices, their voices have been silenced by the law and the police not acting, and the people who read the newspapers do nothing, so we have to make a stand and do whatever it takes to stamp out this evil, we can only pray that the government will listen.”

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15255357


  19. A Barbados Connection:

    Walter Tull’s grandmother was a slave on a plantation in Barbados, his father migrated to England in 1876. There he met and married an English woman, they had six children. Unfortunately Walter’s parents died when the children were small and they had to be placed in an orphanage in Bethnal Green, London.

    Undaunted by this early handicap Walter went on to play football for Tottenham Hotspur and Northampton Town, one of his brothers became a dentist.

    Of note, Walter became the first black officer in the English Army, he was commissioned as a second Lieutenant on 30th May 1917, despite the 1914 Manual Of Military Law specifically excluding “Negroes”/”Mulattoes” from exercising command as officers….this was surely remarkable, considering the time.

    He was killed in action on 25th March 1918 during the Spring Offensive, his body was never recovered.

    Reference Wikipedia


  20. Good going for Mr Tull ,cause in the 1960’s blacks were still not considered fit to be officers in the British Army. An ex teacher who had left Barbados with the contingent of recruits in 1962, armed with many many GCE’S, had a hard time trying to get a commission,although the requirement for officers at that time was around 4/5 GCE’s. He persisted and eventually got a Commission in one of the Corps..


  21. If you go to the Cenotaph in Bridgetown and look at the memorial to the dead in the First World War you will realise that many Barbadians gave their lives.

    Three of the four panels commemorate their sacrifice.

    http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM86BD_Cenotaph_War_Memorial_Bridgetown_Barbados

    The fourth commemorates Barbadians who fell in the Second World War.

    I am going to guess here that many who fell in the First World War were mulatto or negro ….. and some of those were officers. Same would apply in the Second World War.

    Not all were in the British Army,

    Some were in the Navy.

    Some were in the Canadian and US Army,

    Emigration at the time to the US and Canada was common so perhaps these men joined or were drafted into the Armed Services of the country to which they immigrated.

    Pick a name from the list and you can find out what rank they held at the time of their death by visiting the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website and doing a search.

    Given the presence of Barbadians of all colours in Europe during the First World War it is distinctly possible that some of the “Rhineland Bastards” may have had Barbadian roots!!


  22. Colonel Buggy

    The armed forces is one institution that does not f#ck around when it comes to judging “Effectiveness”. GCE’s have NOTHING to do with effectiveness. If at the time there was even the slightest possibility that the effectiveness of a unit would be compromised as a result of cultural biases (Whites having difficulty taking instruction from Blacks particularly in combat situations where lives were on the line) of course you would get severe resistance to promotion of certified Blacks. Of course in the US the armed services establishment was quickly taking on a new image where conscripts of a different hue were rapidly increasing in proportion, so the military had to confront the cultural thing head on and change.


  23. Walter Tull is a very interesting man.

    I had a look at his genealogy and think I can get to his grandfather, perhaps great grandfather,

    His father’s name is given as Daniel ….. born in Barbados.

    There is only one Daniel Tull on IGI.

    1. DANIEL EZEKIEL JOSHUA TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 19 APR 1866 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    Is this is his father?

    Could be. Walter Tull was born in 1888 which means his if this Daniel was his father he would have been 20 when Walter was born … which makes sense.

    Daniel’s christening gives his parent’s name.

    DANIEL EZEKIEL JOSHUA TULL Pedigree
    Male
    ——————————————————————————–
    Event(s):
    Birth:
    Christening: 19 APR 1866 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean
    Death:
    Burial:
    ——————————————————————————–
    Parents:
    Father: JOHN N. TULL Family
    Mother: MARY FRANCES GREEN
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Now it gets interesting.

    There are 37 John Tulls in IGI, but only a marriage and baptism record of a John Nelson Tull, ie John N. Tull.

    International Genealogical Index / Caribbean Islands – 37 Find more Caribbean records by searching on the
    updated FamilySearch site. Click here…

    Select records to download – (50 maximum)
    1. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 07 JAN 1662 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    2. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: MAR 1703 Christ Church, Barbados, Caribbean

    3. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 19 AUG 1739 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    4. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: JAN 1745 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    5. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: JUN 1754 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    6. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 03 JUL 1756 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    7. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 10 JUN 1760 Christ Church, Barbados, Caribbean

    8. JOHN ROBERT TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 20 MAY 1770 Christ Church, Barbados, Caribbean

    9. JOHN BEAVER TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 16 AUG 1772 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    10. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 16 APR 1781 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    11. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 13 MAR 1782 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    12. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 11 JAN 1788 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    13. JOHN THOMAS TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 28 JAN 1790 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    14. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 17 MAR 1791 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    15. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 28 DEC 1793 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    16. JOHN THOMAS TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 04 MAY 1794 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    17. JOHN CALIS TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 27 AUG 1805 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    18. JOHN WILLIAM TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 04 NOV 1827 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    19. JOHN MILLINGTON TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 23 NOV 1833 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    20. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 14 JUL 1838 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    21. JOHN WILLIAM TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 27 SEP 1838 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    22. JOHN WILLIAM TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 09 MAY 1839 Christ Church, Barbados, Caribbean

    23. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 26 SEP 1839 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    24. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 10 DEC 1840 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    25. JOHN RICHARD TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 27 MAY 1841 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    26. JOHN BELLE TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 08 OCT 1842 Christ Church, Barbados, Caribbean

    27. JOHN HENRY TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 14 MAY 1842 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    28. JOHN NELSON TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 18 JAN 1844 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    29. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 23 DEC 1845 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    30. JOHN CHARLEY TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 21 DEC 1850 Saint George, Barbados, Caribbean

    31. JOHN STEPHEN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 01 FEB 1851 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    32. JOHN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 16 SEP 1854 Holy Innocents, Barbados, Caribbean

    33. JOHN HENRY CHRISTOPHER TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 10 MAY 1856 Saint Philip, Barbados, Caribbean

    34. JOHN HEWITT AUGUSTUS TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 23 MAY 1861 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean

    35. JOHN NELSON TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 23 DEC 1865 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    36. JOHN MASSIAH TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Christening: 05 MAY 1872 Saint James, Barbados, Caribbean

    37. JOHN BENJAMIN TULL – International Genealogical Index
    Gender: Male Marriage: 04 APR 1874 Saint Joseph, Barbados, Caribbean
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    The marriage record gives John Nelson’s spouse as follows.

    Marriages:
    Spouse: REBECCA FRANCES GREERN Family
    Marriage: 23 DEC 1865 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean

    Rebecca is wrong but Frances is right and Greern …. welll .. could be a spelling error by the priest …… or the transcriber.

    So lets say John Nelson is Walter’s grandftsher.

    What does John Nelson’s baptism certificate say?
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Event(s):
    Birth:
    Christening: 18 JAN 1844 Saint Thomas, Barbados, Caribbean
    Death:
    Burial:
    ——————————————————————————–
    Parents:
    Father: QUOMIN TULL Family
    Mother: MERCY

    I think Quomin is a misspelling of Quamin. Is there a marriage certificate for a Quamin Tull?

    Answer Yes, but not for QUOMIN Tull!!

    1. QUAMIN TULL – International Genealogical Index / CX
    Gender: Male Marriage: 08 OCT 1837 Saint Michael, Barbados, Caribbean
    ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    I am going to suggest that Quamin Tull and his wife Mercy, possibly the great grandparents of Walter, were both slaves.
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Finding the original baptism and marriage certificates will confirm …or not.

    So what can we say about Quamin assuming he was a slave?

    His name should appear in the Register of slaves.

    The answer is yes, there is a Quamin Tull in the 1823 and 1832 returns for Sir Francis Ford of Lears.

    However the 1832 records a death.

    … and here the easily available internet record ends …. now if someone wants to roll up their sleeves and really look in the Archives ….


  24. BAFBFP | October 13, 2011 at 10:01 AM |

    Colonel Buggy

    The armed forces is one institution that does not f#ck around when it comes to judging “Effectiveness”. GCE’s have NOTHING to do with effectiveness.
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    I could not agree with you more!!


  25. @BAFBFP
    Colonel Buggy
    The armed forces is one institution that does not f#ck around when it comes to judging “Effectiveness”. GCE’s have NOTHING to do with effectiveness. If at the time there was even the slightest possibility that the effectiveness of a unit would be compromised as a result of cultural biases (Whites having difficulty taking instruction from Blacks particularly in combat situations where lives were on the line) of course you would get severe resistance to promotion .
    **************************************************************
    As I found out very early in my mil service .


  26. So who was Quamin Tull?

    I checked Manumissions on this site http://www.plantations.bb/index.php and came up with the following

    There was a free balck man called Quamin Tull who freed one slave that he owned in 1832.

    RB7/26/ 185 29 May 1832 Tull, Quamin manumitted Tull James Richard in St. Michael.

    If this Quamin Tull was the great grandfather of Walter Tull he was not a slave at emancipation but a free man.

    He made no returns which I find strange.


  27. “The 1935-36 Italian fascist invasion and subsequent occupation of Ethiopia were accompanied by numerous atrocities: the use of mustard gas, the bombing of Red Cross hospitals and ambulances, the execution of captured prisoners without trial, the Graziani massacre, the killings at Däbrä Libanos monastery, and the shooting of “witch-doctors” accused of prophesying the end of fascist rule.”
    Italian Fascist War Crimes in Ethiopia ,
    Richard Pankhurst
    Addis Ababa University .


  28. @temperatur If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video clip,should be worth millions. Carry on smartly.


  29. “In October 1952, the British governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring, declared a state of emergency. Mau Mau rebels were attacking and killing African loyalists and white settlers in a quest for “land and freedom.” Whites were in a panic, and the empire needed a swift show of force. What began as a military operation turned into an eight-year campaign of terror against Kenya’s largest ethnic group, the Kikuyu. British soldiers herded nearly one million of them into detention camps and “emergency villages,” where they endured forced labor, starvation, torture, and disease. At least 100,000 died. When the British left Kenya in 1963, they destroyed all official files relating to their crimes. The Kikuyu story was effectively buried until assistant professor of history Caroline Elkins provided a thorough historical documentation of the capital crimes ……..”
    -Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya , by Caroline Elkins.

    “Studies by two Western historians show colonial Britain used mass detention without trial, sadistic violence and bent justice far more than previously believed to suppress the revolt.
    “Things got a little out of hand.”

    “By the time I cut his balls off he had no ears and his eyeball, the right one, I think, was hanging out of its socket. Too bad, he died before we got much out of him.”
    This white settler’s confession of his role in torture in Kenya is one of many atrocities uncovered by new research into Britain’s dirty war against the 1950s Mau Mau insurgency.”

    Scholars unearth Britain’s dirty war against Mau Mau

    Update: 03.03.2005

    Saturday February 26, 2005

    By William Maclean


  30. ” Genocide and plunder have been Western policy towards the mineral-rich Congo since the Berlin Conference of 1885 when European nations divided Africa between them, and King Leopold II of Belgium got the Congo as his personal property. Ten million Congolese were killed under Belgian rule which lasted until 1960. The Congo’s population was cut in half. Belgian domination was marked by slavery, forced labour and torture aimed at extracting the maximum amount of ivory and rubber from the Central African country. The people of the Congo “probably suffered more than any other colonized group.” Their hands were cut off for not working hard enough and on one day 1,000 severed hands were delivered in baskets to an official. Women were kidnapped to force their husbands to collect rubber sap and Congolese were shot for sport. Such atrocities were documented by George Washington Williams, an African-American visiting the Congo, who invented the term “crimes against humanity” to describe them.

    “CONGO: THE WESTERN HEART OF DARKNESS
    by Asad Ismi, October 2001.

    “. …Democratic Republic of Congo where King Leopold II of Belgium enslaved the Africans, forced them to work without pay, killed about 10 million and looted the country of her resources and virtually nothing was used to invest in the country except guns which the Belgium army used to terrorize and kill the Africans. Africans who could not meet their daily target of rubber supply had their wives ceased and their hands chopped off by Leopold’s army officers. Leopold even went to the extreme to exhibit Africans in Belgium Zoos. When the DRC was transferred from Leopold II to the Belgium state, the looting and killing continued till DRC gained her ‘independence’ in the 1960s. In fact DRC (Congo Free State) was the main supplier of rubber a vital raw material for the tyre industry and all the money from the sale of the rubber went to Belgium. King Leopold II was able to transform Belgium as one of the poorest countries in Europe into one of the wealthiest, courtesy the enslavement and looting of Africans and their resources.”

    US AND EUROPE MUST PAY REPARATIONS TO VICTIMS OF SLAVERY AND COLONIALISM
    By Lord Aikins Adusei
    Thu, 12 Feb 2009.


  31. Most Barbadian have heard about Hitler ?
    How many Barbadians know of King Leopold II of Belgium ?
    This man murdered 10-15 million Africans in the Congo , the actions of Leopold II a.k.a , ” the butcher of the Congo”, reduced the popoulatin of the Congo by fifty pecent.
    This information is not taught in schools or shown in the mainstream media .Those who are in control prefer to feed us fiction so we can continue to live in a bubble.


  32. To tempearture:
    You need to tell us also about the BLACK Leopold of the Congo, and his exploits in european customs especially literature. Most of what you are talking about Leopold of Belgium was dealt with on National geographic; is that main stream enough for you.


  33. “The Congo became one of the most infamous international scandals of the early 20th century”

    Wikipedia …

    Scandal? This word “scandal” is one of the most unfortunate/useless words in the English directory … Scandal suggests that some one had an image to protect .. a reputation to preserve … My God


  34. King Leopold II of Belgium’s mandate to his missionaries

    Letter from King Leopold II of Belgium to Colonial Missionaries, 1883.
    The letter which follows is Courtesy of Dr. Vera Nobles and Dr. Chiedozie Okoro.

    “Reverends, Fathers and Dear Compatriots:
    The task that is given to fulfill is very delicate and requires much tact. You will go certainly to evangelize, but your evangelization must inspire above all Belgium interests. Your principal objective in our mission in the Congo is never to teach the niggers to know God, this they know already. They speak and submit to a Mungu, one Nzambi, one Nzakomba, and what else I don’t know. They know that to kill, to sleep with someone else’s wife, to lie and to insult is bad. Have courage to admit it; you are not going to teach them what they know already. Your essential role is to facilitate the task of administrators and industrials, which means you will go to interpret the gospel in the way it will be the best to protect your interests in that part of the world. For these things, you have to keep watch on disinteresting our savages from the richness that is plenty [in their underground. To avoid that, they get interested in it, and make you murderous] competition and dream one day to overthrow you.
    Your knowledge of the gospel will allow you to find texts ordering, and encouraging your followers to love poverty, like “Happier are the poor because they will inherit the heaven” and, “It’s very difficult for the rich to enter the kingdom of God.” You have to detach from them and make them disrespect everything which gives courage to affront us. I make reference to their Mystic System and their war fetish-warfare protection-which they pretend not to want to abandon, and you must do everything in your power to make it disappear.
    Your action will be directed essentially to the younger ones, for they won’t revolt when the recommendation of the priest is contradictory to their parent’s teachings. The children have to learn to obey what the missionary recommends, who is the father of their soul. You must singularly insist on their total submission and obedience, avoid developing the spirit in the schools, teach students to read and not to reason. There, dear patriots, are some of the principles that you must apply. You will find many other books, which will be given to you at the end of this conference. Evangelize the niggers so that they stay forever in submission to the white colonialists, so they never revolt against the restraints they are undergoing. Recite every day-“Happy are those who are weeping because the kingdom of God is for them.”
    Convert always the blacks by using the whip. Keep their women in nine months of submission to work freely for us. Force them to pay you in sign of recognition-goats, chicken or eggs-every time you visit their villages. And make sure that niggers never become rich. Sing every day that it’s impossible for the rich to enter heaven. Make them pay tax each week at Sunday mass. Use the money supposed for the poor, to build flourishing business centres. Institute a confessional system, which allows you to be good detectives denouncing any black that has a different consciousness contrary to that of the decision-maker. Teach the niggers to forget their heroes and to adore only ours. Never present a chair to a black that comes to visit you. Don’t give him more than one cigarette. Never invite him for dinner even if he gives you a chicken every time you arrive at his house…..”

    The above speech which shows the real intention of the Christian missionary journey in Africa was exposed to the world by Mr. Moukouani Muikwani Bukoko, born in the Congo in 1915, and who in 1935 while working in the Congo, bought a second hand Bible from a Belgian priest who forgot the speech in the Bible.” — Dr. Chiedozie Okoro.


  35. key point in the document :

    1] Your action will be directed essentially to the younger ones, for they won’t revolt when the recommendation of the priest is contradictory to their parent’s teachings.
    2] The children have to learn to obey what the missionary recommends, who is the father of their soul.
    3] Teach students to read and not to reason.
    4] Teach the niggers to forget their heroes and to adore only ours.
    5] You have to detach from them and make them disrespect everything which gives courage to affront us.

    6] Institute a confessional system, which allows you to be good detectives denouncing any black that has a different consciousness contrary to that of the decision-maker.

    7]Your knowledge of the gospel will allow you to find texts ordering, and encouraging your followers to love poverty.

    8]Evangelize the niggers so that they stay forever in submission to the white colonialists, so they never revolt against the restraints they are undergoing.

  36. Pingback: Google Angela Simmons In Saint Philip Barbados - Best College Portal

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