Caribbean Scholars Renew Reparations Call


Submitted by Don Rojas

Scholars from the Caribbean recently renewed their call for reparations in recompense for hundreds of years of native genocide and enslavement in the region. The calls were made during a recent virtual symposium to honour the life and work of St. Lucian Nobel Laureate Sir William Arthur Lewis…







165 thoughts on “Caribbean Scholars Renew Reparations Call

  1. “I am not copying you it is pure coincidence or synchronicity or vibes vibes vibes.”

    and more…

  2. Oh dear! John Boy has been proven to be a liar long ago – by persons “hysterical” AND icy calm. He angers ALL of us with his shamelessness.

    We answer him for the same reason you stated – so that gullible readers don’t fall into his misinformation trap.

    His confident and snarky persona could easily bamboozle the unsuspecting and unsure.

    His twisted narrative is designed to keep us in bondage by making us question everything we have come to know about ourselves, thereby throwing us into a state of confusion that would paralyze us.

    He labours in vain. The momentum is worldwide and no sad and sorry likkle John bwoy cyan stop it!

    He would well to harken to the saying – “if you can’t beat ’em, join ’em!”

  3. Typical Donna….a global movement stomping all over Black John and he cant feel it…..

    A revolution shaking the globe and Ms. Fighting Imperalism aka begging for a new world order can’t see it, called it a trend until she very RECENTLY STEPPED RIGHT IN IT…

    be careful what you beg for….

    they all seem to be brain dead…don’t talk about the fowls, they may leave the earth and never even know what actually happened…but they know something is up because they are somewhere hiding.

  4. Yeah lewwe get reparations. Aftuh all colonialism was suh bad. Nevuh mind a respected scholar write a double blind peer reviewed article putting de case fuh colonialism dat um was “objectively beneficial” and “subjectively legitimate”. China, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Saudi Arabia. Four examples uh countries wid out significant history uh colonialism. Wuh dem states got in common? Colonial states which accepted dem colonial inhereitance dun far better dan dem who actively try to dismantle it. Look at Buhbados success compared to udder former colonies. Wunna intellectuals need to be benched as we move forward developing de region

  5. Donna…look…another ignoramus pretending to be a black man…an ordinary sell out idiot, only useful to racists and rats…they see their little slave society CRUMBLING….so they are SCRAMBLING…

    first time in history that a bunch of illiterate slaveminded nobodies would fight a civl war to keep a slave society intact….a shite war…lol

  6. No wura. Check out all de local blacks who fought in de Confederation Riots in Buhbadus in support uh de guvnor and de colonial office.

    Check out Guinnea Bissua. Still haven’t reached pre independence rice production levels yet after the black leadership chase way de Portuguese and hold on to de people by threatening dem wid de return of de Portuguese. Wuh bout Nkrumah’s one party state? Bangladesh gine take 244 years to reach “high-capacity” for production. Most African countries according to de World Bank got less production capacity now Dan Dey did have at independence.

    Den look at Buhbadus. A country wid problems, but a continuously democratic civilized and stable country. We accepted de colonial inheritance wideout all de fuss people now mekkin. Follow Denny, Commissiong Tee White and all dem and we wuh end up just like dem countries.

  7. European colonialism wasn’t nuh sweetbread. But um wasn’t fully bad neither. Same way no man or woman is fully good or fully evil.

    But look at how yu mek a success of being conquered. Look at Britain. I ain’t went school too long but even I know dat De British people not only embraced but Dey mek full use uh dem colonizers. De romans colonise dem in de first century ad. Den after dem went long yuh had de Germanic people saxons and such. And den de norsemen. And den de Normans. Every one Uh dem contributed to Britain becoming de world power dat it used to be and still is to an extent. Talk about mekkin use uh de good in a bad situation. But we bout hey only know bout complainin

  8. You are not intelligent at a level required to hold any conversation about colonialism and the history of slavery….do some more reading….of the real truth, not the shite swimming around in ya empty head…

  9. It took you too long to spot you were dealing with an idiot.
    Two or three posts and I assessed the IQ as bring slightly lower than a JA
    Just a troll.

  10. Wura
    “You are not intelligent at a level required to hold any conversation about colonialism and the history of slavery“

    Yup. Dat is why every conversation I have bout colonialism becomes a hysterical discussion bout slavery while ignoring udder facts. I know yu kind’s mo. Avoid de facts and just insult. Wuh bout Guinnea Bissau, most Udder African nations and Bangladesh? Doan min me. Mind dem facts

  11. For the sell out treacherous lawyers in Barbados who don’t know how to protect the majority population because they are evil traitors….so what now Comissiong….just remember that the Black majority on the earth are the AB-ORIGINAL PEOPLES OF THE EARTH…who now number 1.6 bllion people around the world or thereabouts…….traitor.

    ▼Article X.
    Rejection of assimilation
    1. Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain,
    express, and freely develop their cultural identity
    in all respects, free from any external attempt at

    States shall not carry out, adopt, support, or favor
    any policy of assimilation of indigenous peoples or of
    destruction of their cultures.

    ▼Article XI.
    Protection against genocide
    Indigenous peoples have the right not to be the object of
    any form of genocide or attempts to exterminate them.

    ▼Article XII.
    Guarantees against racism, racial discrimination,
    xenophobia, and related intolerance
    Indigenous peoples have the right not to be the object
    of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, or related
    intolerance. States shall adopt the preventive and
    corrective measures necessary for the full and effective
    protection of that right.

  12. Stop the nonsense. @Mariposa was banned for posting under the wrong blog, but we all know it was an excuse to get rid of a powerful government critic. Yet idiots cut and past crap every day and they are celebrated. The chairman will tell you @Mariposa was sent for ‘moderation’. A good excuse for exclusion.
    Get rid of the nutcases, not the critics.

  13. Hal…shut ya slave ass…

    So is everyone watching the play, the government knew WELL enuff what Article X was least ah got them becoming well versed in the human rights of the Black majority…and they knew only an act of the Divine could stop me from posting that Article X…but the Divine is on MY SIDE not on the side of TRAITORS…so they got their slimy racist parasite minority to JUMP OUT warbling about visiting equal this and racial that….first time in the HISTORY OF BARBADOS cause THEY KNOW they have been committing crimes against the Black majority for decades…..but they can talk all kinda shite, none of them can reverse this train…lowlifes…

    they are going to read the whole 68 page himan rights document AND EVERY ARTICLE they have been hiding and learn it just like every BLACK PERSON ON THE EARTH….slavemaster bloodline at play, i do nothing half way.

  14. Hal….Mariposa is quite happy where she is at, leave her alone, she will return when she is ready…the amount of damage she is doing on FB…she could not on BU…

    ya slave ass is stuck with me…

  15. ‘[I]t is important to face the fact that British colonies were, more or less, expertly run’ – Chinua Achebe in There Was a Country. Achebe was an anti-colonial ‘hero’

  16. We are not the indigenous peoples of Barbados. There are no indigenous people in Barbados now or for the last 400 years. Wuh is de relevance uh de Charter on Imdigenous Rights den waru, cut and paste artist?

  17. @Ordinary Black Man
    Is that you Jack Bowman aka John Knox? Or just another white sock puppet.

    Why do the albinos keep trying to impersonate black people on blogs?

  18. Unfortunately Dullard, as much as I would like to believe he is not black he very well could be. The slave minded black man is a fact of life. But you know that.

    The man has swallowed the white man’s shit and is calling it chocolate.

    Apparently Barbados was better run when black people shit in pits and had no running water to wash their hands.

    And the poor fool seems not to know that so-called African countries are an artificial construct of the colonizers. They deliberately enclosed different tribes inside of borders without considering their incompatibility. This allowed them to play one off against the other so no progress could be made by the native Africans. That way they could continue to control Africa’s vast resources themselves. Africa was not allowed to develop organically. But some countries are making strides.

  19. Never underestimate the deviousness and mastery of divisiveness of the white man!

    In those areas they are truly the best.

    They are the best at being bad. The rest of us are mere pretenders.

  20. White sock puppets fronting for the Bajan white man who can no longer afford to show himself in these times.

    Look out for more of the same as they try to offer a facade of acceptance while working behind the scenes to salvage their dominance!

  21. @Donna 1:24
    I fully agree with what you stated but have difficicutly with a single word
    ” They deliberately enclosed different tribes inside of borders without considering their incompatibility.”
    I would have stated it as
    “They deliberately enclosed different tribes inside of borders based on their incompatibility”

    Father forgive them, for they know what they do/did.

  22. Followed and read a comment about RL. Then I went to RL comment.

    Went from yawning to sick. I have to go, relax and recover. I feel the mean side of me taking over.

    See you guys later.

  23. @ Ordinary Black Man June 30, 2020 12:27 PM

    Finally a voice of common sense!

    Radical forces want to seize the moment and bring down not only Grand Admiral Nelson but also our government.

    There is no black or white economic policy that brings progress, only good and bad. All countries in the western hemisphere that cooperate closely with the USA are far better off than countries with socialist experiments and racial turmoil.

  24. “Why do the albinos keep trying to impersonate black people on blogs?”

    they got a curse…they think that the blacks on the island are their human property and not of African extract, the last thing they ever expected in their parasitic thieving lives is to get exposed to the point that they have to PUBLICLY ADMIT THEIR RACIST PRACTICES AND OUTRIGHT THEFTS….cloaked as financial inequality…against the INDIGENOUS Black majority on the isalnd….they never, ever thought this day would come..BUT COME IT DID….

    they thought they had everything covered them and the sell outs in the parliament..

    Theo….did you see the house negro Hal Austin, the pretend journalist….if i send him that document on human rights that can free his people, he WOULD HIDE IT..pretend it don’t exist, he has done that before….while still caling l me crazy while sticking a knife in my back….even though all the evidence is right there for the world to see and has been shared millions of times around the world…but the sell out nig*er is comfortable being a brain washed mentally damaged empty shell…and fully expect all black people to be thus slave minded….that is why they can never be trusted, the .comfortable slaves..

  25. The descendants of UKs criminal rejects in Barbados see the indigenous Arican/Barbadian majority population as slaves, nothing more, nothing less and all the house negros like Hal carry the same sentiment…

    Donna…the private sector dude miscalculated, they would never in a thousand years had admitted to the racism and theft crimes against the Black population…but the shit hit the fan so fast and furiouis, they had no choice but to run out and confess….in public..especially when the sell outs in the parliament told the minority THIEVES instead of telling their own Black people on the island… that yes, those Articles are indeed a whole damn essay on the human rights of the Indigenous African descendants in Barbados and the Caribbean. and in the diaspora…

    people are stunned..that the black rats hid this information from the people, just so the bribery and corruption was free to continue….filling their pockets was more important….but let them explain all of that to the people whom they all VICTIMIZED for two generations……..and whom they have to FACE FOR ELECTION….ticktock…in 2 years 11 months..

    everyone is sharing…

  26. And you should be in a cage display in some zoo…sell out negro who don’t even know who you are….you are the only one saying am anonymous…everyone else have an idea or outright know who i am….but they now know who you are too…ya useless slave…

  27. Typical 😂😂. When a fella doan express a view dat align wid de official “black book” which does detail de only thoughts blacks allowed to have. Well dat sound like slavery to me yuh. Intellectual oppresssion at um finest. And wunna Wundah why ordinary people sick and tired uh dis? My daughter wud ask wunna “who ded and mek wunna king uh de blacks and comptroller uh my toughts?!”

    But look doan min bout me. I ain’t bright nor am I anybody. Tell me about Achebe, Guinea-Bissau rice production, Bangladesh. Talk bout dat nuh? Or yuh frighten?

  28. When commenters get exposed as frauds on any social media platform, they usually have the grace, etiquette and presence of mind to leave…..they don’t continue trying to drum up some other useless topic, trying to change the subject..

  29. Wura

    You’ve been cutting and pasting clauses from an Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Treaty and wackily attempting to relate it to Barbados. I ask yu bout dem facts bout colonialism (de same ting wunna always disparage), unduh a blot bout reparations, and I is de one distracting by changing de subject to an irrelevant ting? Woah! Hal right yuh. I gone. But answer dem questions fuh me doh.

  30. WURA,

    I misspoke. I meant to convey a deliberate act. Correction accepted.

    PS. The idiot is still not understanding the effect of creating the artificial countries.

  31. @ Ordinary Black Man June 30, 2020 6:36 PM

    Why don’t you stop taking the piss out of the stupidly naïve black people in Barbados?

    It is obvious that the white Englishman man has done a ‘complete perfect’ job of reprogramming of the minds of the blacks.

    Please give these simple ‘black’ souls a break, please, pretty please!
    Just ease up on those with their still childlike mind still exposed to the viruses spread by brainwashers!

    How else would you, of superior “Aryan” stock, explain the ‘black’ Bajan condition of wanting to remove a innocuous statue of a white racist representing the scars of a bygone colonial age of physical slavery but would want to turn around and kill anyone who suggests that a similar fate ought to be extended to the many images of a European-looking man nicknamed Jesus who never existed but can still be found- after so many years of ‘free’ secondary and tertiary education- in the hundreds of so-called churches scattered all over tiny Barbados?

  32. ” The idiot is still not understanding the effect of creating the artificial countries.”

    the empty headed, mentailly damaged colonial shell on two legs, created just for that purpose, not about to waste my energy explaining anything to that fool, especially the definition of INDIGENOUS..

    “It is obvious that the white Englishman man has done a ‘complete perfect’ job of reprogramming of the minds of the blacks.”

    And then some.

  33. TRON There is no black or white economic policy that brings progress, only good and bad. All countries in the western hemisphere that cooperate closely with the USA are far better off than countries with socialist experiments and racial turmoil.

    I agree with the first sentiment. The second part, haha. True ON THE FACE OF IT. However, it is far more complicated than that. What country can operate in the face of sanctions that are dropped on them, at the whim and fancy of one country, without even going through the United Nations?

    Leave you with one question. Why was Muammar Gadaffi hunted and murdered / assassinated, whatever you want to call it? Remember, at the time of his murder, Libya was a well established, fully functioning, wealthy country with substantial foreign reserves in GOLD. Now it is a shell of a country.

    Pick sense from that. Nothing is ever black and white and there is always more in the pestle than the mortar.

  34. Donna, Miller….international law speaks for itself.

    The Indigenous African, which includes the African descended in the Caribbean, has the inalienable right to their AFRICAN ANCESTRAL CULTURE. No government or state is entitled to violate those human rights, any such action is a direct violation of international law.

    ▼Article XIII. Right to cultural identity and integrity 1. 2. Indigenous peoples have the right to their own cultural identity and integrity and to their cultural heritage, whether tangible or intangible, including historic and ancestral heritage; and to the protection, preservation, maintenance, and development of that cultural heritage for their collective continuity and that of their members and so as to transmit that heritage to future generations. States shall provide redress through effective mechanisms, which may include restitution, developed in conjunction with indigenous peoples, with respect to their cultural, intellectual, religious, and spiritual property taken without their free, prior, and informed consent or in violation of their laws, traditions, and customs.

  35. The more conscious whites who are not inbred, brain damaged racists are exposing the centuries old evil shit.

  36. Cultural, undeniable rights of the African descended in Caribbean and across the Diaspora under international laws.

    Indigenous people have the right to recognition
    and respect for all their ways of life, cosmovisions,
    spirituality, uses, customs, norms, traditions, forms
    of social, economic, and political organization;
    forms of transmission of knowledge, institutions,
    practices, beliefs, values, dress, and languages,
    recognizing their inter-relationship as established in
    this Declaration.

  37. For the ignoramus who dont know the definition of indigenous people but jumped out to display backwardness and IGNORANCE..,,if the majority BLACK population across Barbados and the Caribbean were not identified as indigenous, ya lowlife corrupt governments would never have hidden this document from the people,. And if they dont know wgat indigenous means….they should not be leaders.

    Miller…ah was waiting for them, first was the pretend journalist to tell me how crazy i am because he clearly NEVER saw an international human rights document before…lol..

    REAFFIRMING that indigenous peoples are original, diverse societies with their own identities that constitute an integral part of the Americas; CONCERNED that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and the dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests; RECOGNIZING the urgent need to respect and promote the inherent rights of indigenous peoples, which derive from their political, economic, and social structures and from their cultures, spiritual traditions, histories, and philosophies, especially their rights to their lands, territories, and resources; RECOGNIZING ALSO that respect for indigenous knowledge, cultures, and traditional practices contributes to sustainable and equitable development and proper management of the environment

  38. Too many useless pretenders on BU, just like they have infested both governments….generation after generation…for the last 50 years..

  39. It’s quite obvious that these human rights have been denied the indigenous African descended across the Americas for the past 50 years. It’s even clearer that your no good leaders worked overtime and colluded over the last 50 years to not only criminalize your African spirituality but also to rob you of your original languages and powerful African history into multiple generations and they still believe they can continue these human rights crippling violations into another generation. English is not your first language and was maliciously and criminally forced on you and your ancestors, the African Continent provides hundreds of languages and dialects to choose from.

    ▼Article XIV. Systems of knowledge, language, and communication 1. Indigenous peoples have the right to preserve, use, develop, revitalize, and transmit to future generations their own histories, languages, oral traditions, philosophies, systems of knowledge, writing, and literature, and to designate and retain their own names for their communities, individuals, and places. 2. States shall adopt adequate and effective measures to protect the exercise of this right with the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples.

    Indigenous peoples have the right to promote and develop all their systems and media of communication, including their own radio and television programs, and to have equal access to all other means of communication and information. States shall take measures to promote the broadcast of radio and television programs in indigenous languages, particularly in areas with an indigenous presence. States shall support and facilitate the creation of indigenous radio and television stations, as well as other means of information and communication. 4. States, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, shall make efforts to ensure that those peoples can understand and be understood in their own languages in administrative, political, and judicial proceedings, if necessary through the provision of interpretation or by other effective means.

  40. Caribbean people were introduced to junk food and fast food to continue their own destruction….it’s even worse in US and in the Diaspora, when you should be eating what yoiur ANCESTORS ate, you fast food and junk to keep you dumbed down…that’s on you…many of us have known about this for decades, but the African descended prefer believe those who are keeping them far away from their ancestry when you should be shutting down those poisonous fast food and junk food selling businesses….they only remain open and wealthy because you continue to buy their nasty poisons and pollute your own bodies and those of your children and grandchildren.

  41. Barbados’ Ministry of Mis-education continues to violate the human rights of every generation of the majority population, they continue to criminalize and abuse Black parents who have the RIGHT to homeschool their children if they so desire, in keeping with the right to decide.

    They allow closed bretherns/whites, indians and everyone else who is not black to exercise their right to home shool but would maliciously arrest black parents for doing the same..

    While the African descended in the US have had more or less limited access to their powerful African history, the African descended in the Caribbean have had even less, they were successfully completely cut off educationally from any direct link to and information about their great ancestors and still are, in this era these crimes are perpetrated against them by their anti-black, black governments to continue to re-enforce and perpetrate european historical lies to another generation, even though they are no longer being forced to, but they have become so self-hating, that they are now doing so by default and for their own self-aggrandizement because they figure that their small island powers, gives them that right to continue the destruction of their own people. Vile theft of African history.

    ▼Article XV. Education 1. Indigenous peoples and individuals, particularly indigenous children, have the right to all levels and forms of education, without discrimination. 2. 3. 4. States and indigenous peoples, in keeping with the principle of equality of opportunity, shall promote the reduction of disparities in education between indigenous and non-indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning. States, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, shall take effective measures to enable indigenous individuals living outside their communities, particularly children, to have access to education in their own languages and cultures.

    States shall promote harmonious intercultural relations, ensuring that the curricula of state educational systems reflect the pluricultural and multilingual nature of their societies and encourage respect for, and knowledge of, the different indigenous cultures. States, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, shall promote intercultural education that reflects the cosmovision, histori es, languages, knowledge, values, cultures, practices, and ways of life of those peoples. 6. States, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, shall adopt necessary and effective measures to ensure access and the exercise and observance of those rights.

  42. The Wickedness of King Leopold II Revealed By His Letter To The Missionaries

    The letter to the missionaries shows just how much King Leopold II had a wicked heart and utter contempt for the Africans, just to feed his own selfish and imperialistic desires.

    One of the most wicked to walk this planet was King Leopold II of Belgium. The atrocities he committed in the Congo were utterly unspeakable and grossly unimaginable.

    No one ever held him accountable to that. Under the guise of spreading civilization, Christianity and commerce, he was able to achieve what he had always yearned for- the whole control of Congo, but at a huge cost for the Africans. What he did was utterly despicable.

    When he wrote a letter to Christian missionaries who were to spread the Word of God, his malicious machinations were just laid bare. Unfortunately the Africans in the Congo were simply overpowered both militarily and mentally.

    Below is the letter which reveals all this:

    “Reverends, Fathers and Dear Compatriots: The task that is given to fulfill is very delicate and requires much tact. You will go certainly to evangelize, but your evangelization must inspire above all Belgium interests. Your principal objective in our mission in the Congo is never to teach the niggers to know God, this they know already. They speak and submit to a Mungu, one Nzambi, one Nzakomba, and what else I don’t know.

    They know that to kill, to sleep with someone else’s wife, to lie and to insult is bad. Have courage to admit it; you are not going to teach them what they know already. Your essential role is to facilitate the task of administrators and industrials, which means you will go to interpret the gospel in the way it will be the best to protect your interests in that part of the world. For these things, you have to keep watch on disinteresting our savages from the richness that is plenty [in their underground. To avoid that, they get interested in it, and make you murderous] competition and dream one day to overthrow you.

    Your knowledge of the gospel will allow you to find texts ordering, and encouraging your followers to love poverty, like “Happier are the poor because they will inherit the heaven” and, “It’s very difficult for the rich to enter the kingdom of God.” You have to detach from them and make them disrespect everything which gives courage to affront us. I make reference to their Mystic System and their war fetish – warfare protection – which they pretend not to want to abandon, and you must do everything in your power to make it disappear. Your action will be directed essentially to the younger ones, for they won’t revolt when the recommendation of the priest is contradictory to their parent’s teachings.

    The children have to learn to obey what the missionary recommends, who is the father of their soul. You must singularly insist on their total submission and obedience, avoid developing the spirit in the schools, teach students to read and not to reason. There, dear patriots, are some of the principles that you must apply. You will find many other books, which will be given to you at the end of this conference. Evangelize the niggers so that they stay forever in submission to the white colonialists, so they never revolt against the restraints they are undergoing. Recite every day – “Happy are those who are weeping because the kingdom of God is for them.”

    Convert always the blacks by using the whip. Keep their women in nine months of submission to work freely for us. Force them to pay you in sign of recognition-goats, chicken or eggs-every time you visit their villages. And make sure that niggers never become rich. Sing every day that it’s impossible for the rich to enter heaven. Make them pay tax each week at Sunday mass. Use the money supposed for the poor, to build flourishing business centres. Institute a confessional system, which allows you to be good detectives denouncing any black that has a different consciousness contrary to that of the decision-maker. Teach the niggers to forget their heroes and to adore only ours. Never present a chair to a black that comes to visit you. Don’t give him more than one cigarette. Never invite him for dinner even if he gives you a chicken every time you arrive at his house.”

    By Takudzwa Hillary Chiwanza.
    October 6th, 2017.

  43. Bank of England will REMOVE portraits of 11 former governors who profited from slavery after institution and the Church apologised for their ‘inexcusable’ role in ‘an unacceptable part of English history’

    The Bank of England has confirmed it will remove the portraits of 11 former governors from its walls who profited from what it labelled the ‘inexcusable’ slave trade and owned a total of nearly 5,000 slaves.

    The former chiefs at the central bank in London range from Daniel Giles in 1795 who was the co-mortgagee of estates in Grenada to Benjamin Buck Greene in 1873 who was a plantation manager in St Kitts.

    Others were Jeremiah Harman in 1816 who had 409 slaves and three estates in St Kitts; John Palmer in 1830 with 238 slaves and two estates in Grenada; and Timothy Curtis in 1837 who had 206 slaves and an estate in St Vincent.

    John Reid in 1839 had 3,112 slaves and 17 estates in Jamaica, the Virgin Islands and other areas; Thomson Hankey Jnr in 1851 who owned 534 slaves and four estates in Grenada; and West Indian merchant Sheffield Neave in 1857.

    The final two former governors were Alfred Latham in 1861 who owned 402 slaves, three estates in Jamaica, Nevis and Tobago; while Bonamy Dobree in 1859 had 19 slaves and two estates in British Guiana.

    In a landmark move, the Bank acknowledged its role in the kidnapping and transportation of thousands of people for the first time, lamenting the ‘unacceptable part of English history’ and saying it will remove images of governors and directors involved in the ‘inexcusable’ trade.

    Amid mounting pressure on British institutions, the Bank said it was reviewing artwork in its London headquarters. The move came as several of the UK’s largest companies issued apologies and promised to make reparations after their historical links to slavery were laid bare.

    The Church of England has also apologised for historic links to slavery through vicars and bishops who benefited from the barbaric practice. The Church said it was a ‘source of shame’ that clergymen, churches and a bishop may have benefited from a compensation plan that paid plantation owners when slavery was abolished.

    A University College London database revealed that almost 100 Church of England clergymen had benefited from slavery, while six governors and four directors at the Bank were reported as beneficiaries or claimants of compensation, The Telegraph reports.

    Church clergymen had been involved in claims that would be the equivalent of £46 million in today’s money, research of the database shows, with the construction of 32 churches linked to claimants.

    Those churches include Barnstaple’s Holy Trinity, which was built at an expense of almost £10,000, paid for nearly entirely by the Rev James Scott, according to British History Online. Scott had been the primary beneficiary of payouts worth more than £100,000 of today’s money for his father’s Jamaica plantations.

  44. Bank of England will REMOVE portraits of 11 former governors who profited from slavery :
    Daniel Giles 1795-1797 (co-mortgagee of estates in Grenada)
    Beeston Long 1806-1808 (mortgagee of multiple estates)
    Jeremiah Harman 1816-1818 (owned 409 slaves, three estates in St Kitts)
    John Palmer 1830-1833 (238 slaves, two estates in Grenada)
    Timothy Curtis 1837-1839 (206 slaves, estate in St Vincent)
    John Reid 1839-1841 (3,112 slaves, 17 estates in Jamaica, Virgin Islands and others)
    Thomson Hankey Jnr 1851-1853 (534 slaves, four estates in Grenada)
    Sheffield Neave 1857-1859 (West Indian merchant and son of slave owner)
    Bonamy Dobree 1859-1861 (19 slaves, two estates in British Guiana)
    Alfred Latham 1861-1863 (402 slaves, three estates in Jamaica, Nevis and Tobago)
    Benjamin Buck Greene 1873-1875 (plantation manager in St Kitts and inheritor of slave fortune)

  45. George Floyd protests force Britain to reckon with its role in slavery, leading some companies to pay reparations

    The Bank of England apologized on Friday for its historic links to slavery and promised to ensure no images of former bank officials who owned slaves or profited from slavery are on display.

    The U.K. central bank had 27 former members, including 11 former bank governors and 16 directors, who owned slaves or profited directly from the slave trade, according to a database maintained by University College London.

    The bank’s announcement comes one day after two venerable brand-name British companies, insurance exchange Lloyd’s of London and the brewer Greene King, announced that they would make reparation payments for the historic role the firms played in slavery. The Royal Bank of Scotland, one of the country’s biggest retail banks, which had several slaveholding directors, told the Daily Telegraph that is considering doing the same.

    Lloyd’s was founded in a London coffeehouse in 1688 and later underwrote insurance policies on voyages transporting slaves, as well as the commodities, such as sugar, coffee, and cotton, that their labor produced. The company said in a statement that it “cannot always be proud of our past.” It apologized “for the role played by the Lloyd’s market in the 18th-and 19th-century slave trade—an appalling and shameful period of English history, as well as our own.

    Greene King, which was launched in 1799, said one of its founders profited from slavery and argued against abolition in the 19th century. The company’s chief executive officer Nick Mackenzie said this past was “inexcusable” and that the company would make “a substantial investment” to benefit the black, Asian, and Middle Eastern community in Britain….


  46. I see Hillary Beckles has now established a so-called corporate investment committee. I suppose he is looking forward to reparations money flooding in. He is an amazing guy, and not in a good way.

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