The Jeff Cumberbatch Column – The Politics of Water Security

Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation are crucial for poverty reduction, crucial for sustainable development and crucial for achieving any and every one of the Millennium Development Goals. – UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon

Jeff Cumberbatch - Chairman of the FTC and Deputy Dean, Law Faculty, UWI, Cave Hill

Jeff Cumberbatch – Chairman of the FTC and Deputy Dean, Law Faculty, UWI, Cave Hill

It should be easy for most Barbadians to sympathize, or perhaps even empathize, with the plight of the residents of those local districts who have had to endure a regrettable lack of piped water to their homes in recent months. It certainly is no laughing matter when one is forced to endure the discomfort and displeasure of not being able to flush a toilet by a mere press of the plunger or unable to take a shower at the end of a long hot day. The “bathe-up” or standpipe baths and gatherings of bygone Barbados ought not to be an imperative for the contemporary taxpayer. To add insult to injury, it has been reported that bills, more than nominal in some cases, continue to be issued to these long-suffering individuals for water usage by the Barbados Water Authority.

It is equally easy, if one is so inclined, to use this unfortunate circumstance as an opportunity to bash the hapless administration in office and to classify its occurrence, as has been done by more than a few, as an example of poor governance, of poor leadership, an abdication of ministerial responsibility or a heady cocktail of all the above.

At one level, the state does bear ultimate responsibility if this “essential service” should not be supplied to all citizens without discrimination. According to several of the international conventions that we have ratified, ensuring the national supply of safe, potable water is an express state obligation. For example, under Article 24 (2)(c) of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC), States parties are required to pursue full implementation of this right and, in particular, shall take appropriate measures: … (c) To combat disease and malnutrition, including within the framework of primary health care, through, inter alia, the provision of adequate nutritious foods and clean drinking water [Emphasis added].

And Article 14 (2) of the Convention for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) mandates states parties to “take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in rural areas to ensure…to women the right: … [h] To enjoy adequate living conditions, particularly in relation to housing, sanitation, electricity and water supply, transport and communications.” [Emphasis added]

Other conventions such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights also recognize the right to water as an international human right, obligating the state to ensure to its citizens the supply of sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable water for personal and domestic uses.

At another level, however, the state may lawfully claim exemption from this obligation where the failure in supply is owed to circumstances such as an Act of God or nature (drought or endemic water scarcity); act or default of another for whom the state assumes no responsibility; or where the failure is otherwise exempted by law so that the claim to an absolute entitlement in any circumstance whatsoever does not arise.

So far as the first is concerned, it may very well be that this condition currently subsists, although the people from the affected districts would not be acting unreasonably to query why the onus of this drought should fall on them unequally.

Nor can the state fairly place the blame on the Barbados Water Authority that, although not constitutionally part of the Crown, bears practically a sufficiently subordinate role thereto as to be considered integrated into the state machinery.

It bears mention in this regard nevertheless, that much of the blame for the recent happenings has been placed on the inherently defective and ancient mains that are currently undergoing replacement. To the extent that this is an ongoing process stretching across the change of governing administrations, it would be clearly inequitable to place all the blame for the delayed achievement of this initiative on the current administration. The partisan ascription of blame, though perhaps electorally beneficial in future, does little to relieve the current insecurity of the affected citizens.

I accept that the figurative horse is well and truly out of the stable, and that from now until the elections bell is rung by the Prime Minister, most civic failings will be seen in a partisan light against the party that comprises the current administration. This is par for the course and, I suppose, those concerned who are far more knowledgeable than I am in these matters will seek to apply and to resist this onslaught as forcefully as may be practicable.

“It is clear that the solutions to the delivery of water and sanitation for all are fundamentally political in nature and not just technical. The need for opening the “Water Tap” for transparency, accountability and participation is vital as we face the rapid increase of urbanization and the frightening implications of climate change for our scarce water resources”-George, Nhlapo and Waldorf- “The politics of achieving the Right to water” (2011)

262 thoughts on “The Jeff Cumberbatch Column – The Politics of Water Security

  1. John between Retreat Plantation in St Joseph ,and Bushy Park Plantation in St Thomas, there was a small plantation, which became part of Retreat and Castle Grant. It was known locally as Lit Land, probably a shortened form of Little Diamond, or Little Ireland. Any info on it?

  2. Hal Austin September 24, 2016 at 1:24 PM #
    Do you recall the name of the 60’s TV series ,starring Robert Stack as Elliot Ness?
    They are still with us today.

  3. Colonel Buggy September 24, 2016 at 2:00 PM #

    John between Retreat Plantation in St Joseph ,and Bushy Park Plantation in St Thomas, there was a small plantation, which became part of Retreat and Castle Grant. It was known locally as Lit Land, probably a shortened form of Little Diamond, or Little Ireland. Any info on it?

    I don’t know of a Retreat in that area but they are all over, hearkening back to when Barbados was a retreat from religious persecution.

    Opposite Bushy Park is Pleasant Vale.

    If you pass these two and head into Russia Gully, Little England was on the left.

    The 1951 aerial photos show some ruins but that area has been bulldozed over and over again and I doubt anything is left.

  4. LITTLE ENGLAND, St. Joseph & St. Thomas (or John?)
    1842–71 John Massiah (’54 dec’d) (8 in ’42) 15
    1872 Shilstone xxii 24 (___) – Pur.: G.T. Wood 15
    1880 Globe 5 Jan – For Sale T.B. Waterman 15
    1879–1907 T.B. Waterman 12
    1847 3 acres St. Thomas
    1901 Wind

  5. RETREAT, Christ Church – Sh. SE of Spencers and N. of Pilgrim’s
    1842–71 Benjamin Robinson (69 in ’42) 90
    1879 Ben Clarke – Absentee 90
    1879 Chancery Court BMLAS v Clarke
    1880 Shilstone xxii 29 (___) – Pur.: Hinkson £4100
    1880 J. Hinkson 90
    see Spencers
    1892–4 Chancery Court Daniel & Co Ltd v Drayton

    RETREAT, Christ Church – NW Lowlands
    1842 George Hayes 23
    1846–54 John F. Dear 23
    1858–63 John Carter 23
    1865–71 Joseph J. King 23
    1879–80 Mrs. Lumley (also owned Balls) 23
    BMHS 31:44 Now part of Balls

    RETREAT, St.George
    1674 Linton?
    1680 Michael Lintott, 144 ac
    1846 John Greenidge 35
    1848–50 Rev. J.K. Went 35
    To Prerogative or Thorpe’s Cottage

    Retreat, St. Joseph – Gain from Industry? – N. of St. Ann’s Church
    1825 John M. Grogan
    1842–54 John W. Grogan 88
    1855 Feb 28 BMHS xxii 173 – Thomas Grogan gives land for St. Anne’s Chapel
    1858–71 Thomas E. Grogan (dec’d ’59) (112 in 58 – gain from Industry) 134
    1859 Shilstone xxxv – owned by Mary Elvira Grogan married Roderick Grogan – BMHS 26:66

    1861 Chancery Court Grogan et al v Grogan
    1869–70 Chancery Court Grogan et al v Grogan
    1879–92 Roderick Grogan 134
    1886 Chancery Court BMLAS v Field et al
    1901–14 (W.) G. Carrington, dec’d 132
    1921–37 Edgar T. Cox (132 in ’21, 134 in ’37) 154
    1951 Est. Edgar T. Cox, dec’d
    1957/8 Castle Grant Estates Ltd

    1802 Benjamin Alleyne Cox leaves to nephew Thomas Yard – Brandow 424

    RETREAT, St. Michael – see Jones – Sh. E. of St. Stephen’s
    1803 Benjamin & Ann Hinds, from her father Thomas Maxwell – Brandow 607
    1825 John Dear
    1848–50 Henry H. Haynes 10
    1879–80 J.H. Bishop, dec’d 19
    1887 H.H. Carter 19
    1789 William Bryant Worrell from his mother Jane née Harrison – Brandow 633, BMHS 29:21

    1807 Will of Benjamin Hinds – BMHS 29:104 (Brandow 607–613)

    RETREAT, St. Peter – see Warleigh (Sh. Retreat or Warley)

  6. @ John September 24, 2016 at 4:55 PM

    We notice, with enviably great admiration, the uncanny accuracy in which you are able to retrieve the archival records on the past ownership of the various plantation landholdings in Barbados.

    Why not go back to the Magna Carta days of Bajan butchery and tell us how many Amerindians (Arawaks) were killed or mercilessly removed, along with almost all vestiges of their culture, from the same lands in order to cultivate tobacco, cotton, or sugarcane?

    We can only guess they were considered by your Christian forefathers not as human beings like their god-made selves but as other animals uselessly occupying prime agricultural Crown land.

  7. LESS BEHOLDEN, St. Andrew
    1859–92 W.T. Fletcher 15
    1898 E. Pollard 15
    1901 Wind
    1912–21 S.E. Pollard 4

    Before it lent its name to a village it was a small plantation.

    Queree only goes back to 1859 so somebody would have to go and do the digging to get back into the 1600’s

    I remember a circular rock structure in the area from hiking there and I figured it was the base of a small windmill.

    I reckon in the early 1700’s it was owned by a family called Williams

    The Quakers left their values stamped all over Barbados …. Hope, Content … etc etc.

    So I think you would have to look at the name and see if it conveys a value to you.

    “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know you are licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety-eight pounds of her. According to her view she died beholden to nothing and nobody. She was the bravest person i ever knew.” …. Atticus Finch!!

    I think what it may convey is a value Bajans of yore espoused.

    You try to live beholden to no one if you must, the less you can make it the better!!

  8. St. Ann’s Church was built after emancipation.

    There was probably a school as well to teach the children of the freed slaves how to read and write and also to bring them up as “proper” members of the Anglican Church.

    It worked!!!

    However for the 200 years before that, there was only the Parish Church in the Frizer’s Valley that represented the Anglican Church in the Parish of St. Joseph.

    So how in as rough a parish as St. Joseph did people get to church?

    Getting from on top of the Cliff to Below the Cliff and back up could not have been easy. I know because I have done it by foot countless times!!

    The answer I believe is that most “white” people did not go to Church.

    They were Quakers and did not believe a priest could intervene between God and his children!!

    The few that made it probably lived close by under the Cliff and they gave the church only lip service.

    The Quakers worshipped in silence in the houses of other’s Quakers, in the open in a field or wherever was convenient.

    They did not need a parish church.

    In fact they routinely got themselves fined for not paying the dues to support the parish priest at various times when some governors enforced the law.

    Their burials occurred around the parish.

    There is one at Andrews, in a field called “Chapel” field.

    There is one in the Easy Hall area, one in Straghan’s Land which I think is the Blackman’s Horbington area.

    There was no need for the Anglican Parish Church!!!

    For peace, they probably ended up supporting the church financially.

    That they made the Gospel available to the slaves is evident because a law in 1676 prohibits them from having slaves at their meetings.

    Anyone giving out on a Quaker with slaves at a meeting got to share 50/50 in the fine!!

    Christianity is a matter of choice, a few slaves accepted, most I believe did not.

    It did not prevent the slaves from being humanely treated by their Quaker owners.

    At emancipation there was a need to “convert” the slaves and teach them to read and write. The Anglican Church did that and did it well.

    I think that is why if you go to a church in Barbados you will leave remarking that “black” people go to church but “white” people do not.

    I think it is to do with the two paths Christianity took in our history, both of them brought by “white” people, but one followed earnestly, Quaker beliefs, the other given lip service, Anglicanism!!

    There is no doctrine in Quakerism as far as I can determine, but having been indoctrinated in the Anglican Church, I can state there is a well laid out doctrine in the Anglican Church, in the creeds I learnt by heart at confirmation!!

    I know of no practicing Quakers on the island today, I have met a couple in the past and heard of one or two others.

    …. someday some historian who is too dumb to understand what happened and doesn’t understand how powerful belief can be will say, ….. it was the extra terrestrials!!

  9. So, back to Little England

    I spent a while looking for it. The easiest way I found was from the Pleasant Vale side.

    But I also tried the Retreat side.

    I walked along the road from Retreat to Industry and looked for the cartroad on my left … it is there on the 1951 map.

    I walked down the track but was met with a lot of bush and try as I might I could not find the ruins.

    Industry is a name with Quaker roots as well.

    The ship which brought George Fox to Barbados in 1671 was called the Industry.

    Quakers could not serve in Parliament till 1832 as they would not swear an oath of allegiance, they could not attend universities, they would not join the priesthood, or the army or the navy so what was left to them from which to earn a living was INDUSTRY!!

    Quakers valued industry because it gave them the means to practice their beliefs beholden to no man.

    There are other places in Barbados with Industry in their names.

    Believe it or not the motto on our coat of arms contains the word industry because of the value placed upon it from the beginning!!

  10. INDUSTRY, St .John
    Hutt 82-10-03 & Historic Barbados 66. To the left taking road Mt. Tabor to Hothersall

    INDUSTRY, St. Joseph – to Retreat – N of St. Ann’s Church
    1839 Dec 8 BMHS viii 174 – For Sle artha J. Culpeper 43
    1842–6 Dr. Culpeper’s family [Dr. W.F. Culpeper – Hutt – Historic b’dos 73] 23
    1849–59 Nathaniel W. Carrington (’58 dec’d) (22 in ’47, 23 in ’48, ’50) 21
    1855 Brandow 210
    Shilstone xxxv Nath. T.W. Carrington, dec’d appraised £1827
    (21 ac 3 rds £1740 plate & furniture £40) by Joseph Mayers, Charles Rudder, Thomas Grogan, — Wiles, William Mayers & Charles Lyall

    1858 Shilstone xxxv & xxii 11 (___) – Pur.: Mrs Tom Grogan (Retreat) £2800 23
    1869–70 Chancery Court Grogan v Grogan et al
    1869–71 Chancery Court Cottle v Grogan
    1870 Shilston xxii 29/30 – Liens against Industry in Cottle v Grogan
    1886–8 Chancery Court Cottle v Field
    1888 Shilstone xxii 150 – Con. M.K. Chandler Master-in-Chancery to George – Carrington
    BMHS 31:161 c. 1865 – N.T.W. Carrington of Industry plantation
    Industry or Industry Hall, St. Michael – see Grazettes

    INDUSTRY, St. Philip – Hutt Historic B’dos – near coast S. of Ragged Point

    INDUSTRY, St. Thomas
    1842 James Taylor 1
    1846–9 James Taylor 2

    INDUSTRY HALL, Christ Church & St. Philip – Sh. S of Hopefield near Archers or Bowhill
    1846–66 Thomas Archer 15
    1847 10 ac, Christ Church, 3 St. Philip
    1850 4 ac, St. Philip
    1883 RL1/371/5
    Mortgage taken out by Adelbert Linis Archer Gittens, Bounders: Oldbury, Spencers, Low field 13 a 2 r

    1825 Howard Griffith

    The Barbados Water Authority (BWA) is inviting tenders for the lease or purchase of water tankers for use in the conduct of its operations. The conditions of the lease are contained within Conditions of Contract at the end of this document
    2.1 All tenderers must supply the following information in their tenders. Failure to provide the information will render the tender void: –
    a. Registration number of company;
    b. Country in which company is registered
    c. The date on which the company was first incorporated
    d. A copy of company’s Certificate of Incorporation, as evidence that the company is in existence at the date of the tender and the names and addresses of all company directors.
    e. In the case of sole proprietorships or partnerships, the names and addresses of owners must be supplied. If the business is registered under the Registration and Business Names Act, a copy of the registration must be provided.
    f. Tenderers must provide a copy of their VAT Registration Certificate.
    g. Tenderers should be aware that the labour clauses of (Public Contracts) Act, Cap. 349 shall, in so far as is applicable to the subject of the tender, apply to any contract made in respect of the tender.
    h. Information on the three (3) most recent contracts received including any references.
    i. Tenderers should submit the monthly lease rate, and the duty free and duty paid purchase prices for each water tanker.
    j. The number of calendar days required to deliver once notified of the award of contract in writing, by fax or by e-mail.
    2.2 Tenders should be submitted in sealed envelopes marked “Tender for the
    Lease or Purchase of Water Tankers” addressed to:
    The Chairman
    Audit, Finance and Tenders Committee
    Barbados Water Authority
    Manor Lodge
    Green Hill
    St Michael
    to reach the office no later than Friday January 2nd, 2015 at 4:30pm.
    2.3 Tenders are to be placed in the Tenders Box which is located at the BWA’s Office at Manor Lodge, Green Hill, and St Michael.
    2.4 No Tender will be considered unless it complies with the conditions set out in this Notice.
    2.5 The BWA does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any Tender.
    2.6 The BWA reserves the right to annul the process at any time prior to the award of Contract without incurring any liabilities.
    2.7 Any Tender delivered after the closing time and date or any extension
    thereof will not be considered.
    2.8 All tenders must be quoted in either Barbados Dollars or US
    Dollars CIF Bridgetown Barbados. Tenders quoted in US dollars will be evaluated using the prevailing exchange rate at the date of closing of the tender. Payment in US dollars shall be made at the buying rate set by The Central Bank of Barbados at the time of payment. Tenders quoted in Barbados dollars shall be inclusive of VAT.
    2.9 The BWA reserves the right to refuse any tender that does not conform to the requirements of this document.

    The BWA reserves the right to enforce penalties against a tenderer for delays occasioned by them in the execution of contracted delivery schedule. The penalty shall apply from the stated delivery date. The total penalty shall not exceed 5% of contract sum.

    Acceptance of Tender and Tenderer’s Expenses
    The Board will not reimburse the Tenderer for any expense incurred in the preparation of this tender.
    Firm Price
    No price variation clause may be included in the Tender. Prices in Barbados or US dollars must be quoted and such prices shall include for all materials, labour, plant, equipment, transport, handling of materials and plant, tools and appliances and all other things necessary for the execution of the work.
    Tenderer to Obtain Their Own Information
    The Tendered shall inform himself on all matters necessary for compliance with and completion of the Contract and in all matters that might in any way affect the prices quoted by him.
    Payments may be made after the delivery of each vehicle/equipment or when the entire fleet is delivered. The method to be followed shall be agreed by the BWA and the Tenderer prior to the signing of the contract.
    Prior to any payment, the contractor/supplier shall submit to the BWA a statement in a firm acceptable to the BWA, filled out and signed by the Tenderer itemizing the vehicles delivered, costs, delivery dates, a checklist showing how the items delivered comply with the tender requirements or specifications and any other such data to assist the BWA in evaluating deliveries. The statement shall also show the cumulative amount paid by the BWA as of the date of the statement and the balance amount.
    The Tenderer shall obtain adequate insurance to indemnify the BWA against all claims for death, injuries, damage to property and losses sustained by the Tenderer during the procurement and performance of duties under this Contract.
    Any interpretation of, or change in the Tender Document prior to the specified closing date, will be made only by Addendum issued by the BWA to each Tenderer to whom the Tender Document has been issued and it shall become part of the Tender Document.
    Contract Documents
    The Contract documents will comprise of the following:
    The Schedule and Specifications of Requirements:
    The Draft Conditions of Lease Contract;
    The Tender Documents
    The Tenderer shall provide prices for leasing and purchase options. The respective specifications for the Water Tankers are appended to this document.
    Compliance with Conditions of Tendering
    The Tenderer must comply with all the above Conditions of Tendering. Failure to comply with or breach of any of the Conditions shall disqualify the Tender.
    Performance Security
    The successful Tenderer shall furnish the performance security in a form acceptable to the BWA within twenty-seven (27) days of the receipts of notification of award from the BWA. The performance security must be in a sum equivalent to ten percent (10%) of the contract price.
    The performance security shall be valid for one (1) month after the date for completion of the Supplier’s obligations, and shall be denominated in the currency of the contract or in a freely convertible currency acceptable to the BWA and shall be in one of the following forms:-
    A bank guarantee irrevocable letter of credit, issued by a bank located in Barbados, acceptable to the BWA and in the form provided in the Bidding Document or another form acceptable to the BWA; or
    A cashier’s or certified cheque payable to the BWA or cash.
    The performance security will be discharged by the BWA and returned to the supplier not later than thirty (30) days following the date of completion of the supplier’s performance obligations, including any warranty under the Contract.
    The evaluation criteria will consist of (1) Compliance (2) Technical Analysis (3) Deviation from specifications (4) Time analysis (5) Commercial and Cost Analysis. The selected criteria will be assigned weights and scored to aggregate maximum marks of 100.

    1. Period of Contract
    All rates given in the lease shall exist for the entire period of the Contract. A five (5) year lease is envisaged.
    2. Termination of Contract
    This Contract shall be terminated for convenience by any one of the parties to the Contract by a written notice of 90 calendar days.
    The BWA shall be entitled to terminate this Contract and to recover from the Contractor the amount of any loss resulting from such determination due to non-performance by the Tenderer.
    3. Lease Conditions
    Sixty (60) months, starting on the date the contract is signed and subject to the provisions for termination hereinafter set out.
    Lessee agrees to pay from the date of delivery of vehicle/equipment the monthly rent which shall be payable on the first day of each calendar month to Lessor.

    (a) Tyres: The vehicle/equipment shall be equipped with new tyres including a spare tyre(s) upon delivery. All other tyre replacements due to normal wear and tear shall be at Lessor’s expense.
    (b) Servicing and Maintenance.
    i During the lease term all scheduled servicing and maintenance shall be performed at such garage/repair shop as shall be designated by Lessor at Lessor’s expense except as PROVIDED for in sub clause (ii) of this clause.
    ii In the event that the vehicle shall be disabled for any cause other than misuse or negligence of Lessee or its agents or employees, or by accident, whether caused by Lessee or its agents or employees or by any third party, Lessor shall repair or caused to be repaired in a reasonable time, after receipt by Lessor from Lessee or its agents or employees of notice, which if oral shall be confirmed in writing. The notice shall specify where the vehicle is located, the nature of the disability, and if possible the cause thereof. The Lessor shall thereinafter be responsible for the recovery/towing of the vehicle to the Lessor’s premises. In such a case the Lessee shall not be liable to pay the computed daily rental rate for that vehicle/equipment for the period from the date of the aforesaid notice to the Lessor by the Lessee until the vehicle/equipment is returned to the Lessee. In the event that the vehicle/equipment is disabled as a result of misuse or negligence of the Lessee or its agents or employees, or by accident, and the vehicle/equipment is in need of repairs, the Lessor undertakes that it will carry out such repairs as expeditiously as possible.
    iii all gasoline and oil (except oil changed during servicing an maintenance as above) consumed during the lease term shall be paid for by Lessee.
    iv Lessee shall, at Lessor’s request, and with seven (7) days prior notice return the vehicle to Lessor at such time and place as Lessor may designate in order for Lessor to carry out the servicing and maintenance scheduled in accordance with the provisions of this clause.
    v Lessee shall not cause or permit its drivers, employees or agents to make any repairs, but rather shall require such drivers, employees or agents to immediately notify Lessor of the need therefore by the speediest possible means of communication and to confirm the same in writing, giving a complete description of the nature of the trouble and the location of the vehicle/equipment.
    vi Lessee shall forthwith notify Lessor in writing of any accidents or collisions, and shall give Lessor in the aforesaid notice full and complete details thereof, including the place where and the time when any accident or collision occurred, the persons who were involved therein, the property damage caused thereby, if any, and the names and addresses of all persons who were injured or killed thereby, if any, and of all persons who witnessed the accident or collision.
    vii The Lessor undertakes with the Lessee to complete all scheduled servicing and maintenance and all repairs incurred in such servicing and maintenance to the vehicle/equipment which the Lessor is obligated to make under the terms of this Lease Agreement as expediently as possible, and in the event that the vehicle/equipment is not returned to the Lessee within two (2) working days, the Lessee shall not be liable to pay the computed daily rental rate for the period (inclusive of the two working days) that the Lessee is without the use of the vehicle/equipment. Lessor shall provide a replacement vehicle/equipment at the Lessor’s expense in the event that servicing and maintenance and all repairs exceed two (2) working days.
    viii. Lessor shall also pay a penalty for the man hours not utilized but paid for by the Lessee when work crews are unable to perform their duties as a result of the vehicle/equipment not being available after two (2) working days. This penalty shall be at the rate of 10% plus the daily rate of the affected work crew for the vehicle/equipment not being available and shall include the two (2) days.
    (c) Licence plates & Registration & Other charges. Lessor shall at its own expense, provide licence plates as required by law, initial cost of registration as required by law, and cost of renewal of registration upon expiration of the licensing period as required by law.
    (d) Lessee shall pay all other charges whatsoever, including, but not limited to, storage charges, parking charges, tolls and fines relating to the vehicle/equipment leased hereunder and the rental use or operation thereof.
    Lessee shall reimburse Lessor for any such charges, tolls, fines, costs and expenses imposed on Lessor or paid by Lessor on behalf of Lessee within seven (7) days of Lessor’s request to Lessee for payment. Lessor shall reimburse Lessee for aforementioned fees paid on its behalf due to negligence of its employees or agents.
    (e) The Lessor shall provide all necessary training to drivers and operators for the proper use of the vehicles/equipment. The Lessee undertakes to make available to the Lessor any and all drivers/operators requiring training on the proper use and operation of the vehicles/equipment. A certificate of competence should be issued to the BWA on the behalf of the driver/operator.
    Lessee agrees that:
    Vehicle/equipment shall be used by Lessee for all purposes in the conduct and operation of its business in Barbados which shall include any use authorized by the General Manager of Lessee at the request of the Department of Emergency Management by whatever name called in cases of natural disasters and national emergencies.
    Lessee shall prevent use of vehicle/equipment in violation of any statute, law, rule or regulation applicable to motor vehicle operation, and shall hold Lessor harmless from, and indemnify Lessor against any fine, confiscation, forfeiture or other penalty for traffic violations or any violations of other statutes, laws, rules or regulations. In the event of confiscation or forfeiture of vehicle, Lessee will reimburse Lessor for fair market value of said vehicle, together with such other expenses or loss that Lessor may incur.
    Lessee shall follow, or require that there be followed such reasonable instructions as may be furnished by Lessor for operation of vehicle/equipment. The Lessee shall make available to the Lessor any and all drivers/operators requiring training on the proper use and operation of the vehicle/equipment. Notwithstanding anything contained in this lease, Lessee shall pay the costs of all repairs to vehicle made necessary by Lessee’s failure to perform its obligations specified herein and to follow the instructions referred to in this paragraph.
    Lessee, shall not without prior consent of Lessor, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, place additional advertising, signs, lettering, insignia, or any other device in or upon vehicle/equipment, and shall remove such additional advertising, signs, lettering, insignia or any other device at the end of the lease term, restoring the surface and finish of the vehicle/equipment to its original condition, fair wear and tear excepted.
    Lessee shall have the right to install VHF communication equipment or vehicle tracking device as deemed necessary by it, to the vehicle and shall remove such equipment at the end of the lease term.
    Lessee shall upon termination of this lease, surrender possession of vehicle/equipment in as good a condition as when received, having regard to the particular use of the vehicle/equipment, ordinary wear and tear excepted, together with registration certificates, or similar documents, at the place at which Lessor delivered vehicle/equipment to Lessee, or at Lessor’s option, to such other place as may be designated by Lessor.
    Lessee shall indemnify Lessor against, and hold Lessor harmless, from any and all liability, loss or expenses, including all legal expenses, in any way connected with or arising out of the operation or use of vehicle/equipment by Lessee, its employees, servants or agents during the term of the lease or any extension or renewal thereof, unless otherwise provided for herein PROVIDED that Lessor at all times performs its obligations hereunder.
    Lessor shall at its own cost and expense obtain and maintain at all times during the lease term in the name of Lessee the following insurance coverages in respect of the vehicle/equipment and its operation from the Insurance Corporation of Barbados Limited, or such other insurance company as may be approved of by Lessee;
    PUBLIC LIABILITY & PROPERTY: To cover 3rd parties (excluding drivers) for death and injuries to persons or damage to property resulting from the operation of the vehicle while being used or operated within the terms and scope of this lease with full limits allowed by the Laws of Barbados.
    (b) COLLISION INSURANCE: Lessee to pay Lessor any amount not paid by the Insurer by reason of a deductible clause.
    (c) CASUALTY INSURANCE: To cover loss or damage to vehicle/equipment, including without limitation, loss by fire, theft, hurricane, and such other risks of loss as are customarily insured against in respect of similar vehicles in Barbados in the full insurable value thereof.
    (d) Any and all insurance policies effecting the coverages herein before provided for, shall specifically name Lessee as an insured and Lessor as an additional insured and loss payee thereof as Lessor’s interest may appear and shall contain a clause requiring Insurer to give to Lessor at least fifteen (15) days prior written notice of any alteration in the terms of such policy or policies or of the cancellation thereof. Lessor shall furnish Lessee a true copy of the Certificate that insurance coverage is in effect. Lessee further agrees to give Lessor prompt notice of any damage to, or loss, of vehicle.
    (e) DAMAGES OR LOSS NOT COVERED BY INSURANCE: Damages or loss including any deductible for which Lessor shall not be compensated by the Insurance Carrier under any of the aforesaid coverages shall be paid for by Lessee.
    (f) (i) DRIVERS: Should any insurance carrier issuing any of the aforesaid policies be unwilling to insure any vehicle because of the driver’s unfavourable accident record Lessee shall not permit such driver to operate vehicle/equipment.
    (ii) It shall be the sole responsibility of the Lessee to seek
    re-instatement of a driver with unfavorable accident record. In the event the insurance company refuses liability on this basis of the unfavorable accident record of the driver the Lessee shall indemnify the Lessor from all damages and/or losses suffered by the Lessor. In the event the vehicle is used without the permission of the Lessee, and the insurance company refuses to accept liability, the Lessee shall indemnify the Lessor from damages and/or losses suffered by the Lessor.
    (iii) Lessee shall cause its drivers, and agents, to co-operate fully with Lessor and any insurance carriers insuring the hazards enumerated above, and in the investigation institution and defense of any and all suits and claims arising from the ownership, use, or operation of vehicle/equipment.
    The Lessee shall acquire no right, title, option, or interest in and to vehicle/equipment, accessories, or equipment except as Lessee and except that any VHF equipment, vehicle tracking devices or any other equipment installed by Lessee in the vehicle/equipment is the property of Lessee. Lessee covenants and agrees that it shall not assert, with respect to vehicle, any claim of right, title, option or interest in or to vehicle/equipment except as Lessee hereunder.
    In the event Lessor or Lessee shall be in default in the performance of any obligation, covenant or condition required to be kept or performed by Lessor or Lessee hereunder, the party not in default shall give the party in default seven ( 7 ) days’ written notice of such default.
    a. Events of Default.
    Lessor or Lessee may terminate this Lease Agreement at any time with respect to the Vehicle/Equipment by written notice to the party in default upon the occurrence of any of the following events of default:
    failure by Lessee to pay any installment of rent , any charge or any other sum payable to Lessor hereunder and such failure continues for thirty (30) days after written notice thereof by Lessor to Lessee; or
    failure or refusal by Lessee to operate the Vehicle/Equipment in accordance with the terms of this Lease Agreement and such operation results in damage, excessive use or abuse of such Vehicle/Equipment; or
    failure or refusal by Lessor or Lessee to perform any other obligation required to be performed by it hereunder and such failure and refusal continues for thirty (30 ) days after written notice thereof to the defaulting party by the party not in default.
    Any representation or warranty of a material nature made by Lessor or Lessee which shall prove to be false or misleading as of the date on which the same was made ; or
    The filing of a petition by or against Lessor or Lessee under any bankruptcy or insolvency law or the making by Lessor or Lessee of any assignment for the benefit of creditors or the appointment of any trustee or receiver for all or any part of Lessor’s or Lessee’s business or assets or the attachment of any lien or levy on the Vehicle/Equipment , unless such petition, assignment, appointment or attachment is withdrawn or nullified with fifteen (15) days.
    b. If such default or defaults are continued following written notice as hereinbefore provided for the party not in default may terminate this lease agreement immediately by written notice to the party in default of its intention so to do, and upon such termination, Lessee will immediately return Vehicle/Equipment to Lessor at such place as Lessor may specify, and all of the rights hereunder shall cease , and in the case where Lessee is the party in default , Lessee shall pay to Lessor the penalty as provided for in the penalty clause hereunder.
    c. Upon termination by Lessor pursuant to this clause, Lessee shall deliver Vehicle/Equipment to Lessor in the manner and conditions required herein. If Lessee fails to return Vehicle/Equipment as provided for herein, Lessor may repossess the same at any time and wherever the Vehicle/Equipment may be located, and may enter upon premises of Lessee for the purpose of repossessing the Vehicle/Equipment. Lessor shall dispose of such returned or repossessed Vehicle /Equipment in accordance with the terms of this Lease Agreement
    d. Lessor shall have the right in case of default by Lessee to recover the Vehicle/Equipment leased hereunder with or without legal process.
    e. Penalty due by Lessee on early termination.
    (i) An early termination fee of 12 months rental where the termination takes place within the first year of the lease term;
    (ii) An early termination fee of 9 months rental where the termination takes place during the second year of the lease term.
    (iii) An early termination fee of 6 months rental where the termination takes place in the third year; and
    (iv) An early termination fee of 3 months rental where the termination takes place in the remainder of the rental term.
    At the end of the lease period, provided Lessee has complied with all the terms and conditions of this lease and is not in default, Lessee shall have the following options:
    (i) The right to continue this lease in force for a term of indefinite duration upon the same terms and conditions of this lease except that
    (a) the monthly lease payments shall be no more than the amount payable under this lease and shall be calculated taking into account the market value of the vehicle and the then current operating and maintenance cost including insurance, license fees and other similar related costs.
    (b) Either Lessor or Lessee shall be at liberty upon giving not less than three (3) months’ notice in writing to the other party to terminate the continuance of this lease and the hiring constituted hereunder and upon the expiry of such notice this lease shall be terminated subject to the enforcements of any existing rights and/or claims by either party against the other; or
    (ii) In the event that Lessor desires to sell the vehicle, Lessee shall have the first right of refusal to purchase the vehicle at market value.
    The parties hereto agree that this instrument constitutes the entire agreement between the parties and shall not be amended or changed in any manner except by amendment in writing, and signed on behalf of the parties hereof.
    This lease shall be binding and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto, their successors, legal representatives and assigns subject to the provisions of clause 7 hereof; but Lessee shall not have the right to assign this lease, or any interest therein, without the written consent of Lessor. In the event of the assignment of this lease, or any interest therein, by Lessor, Lessee agrees to accept and comply with such notice as it may receive from the Assignee.
    Any notice under these presents shall be in writing and any notice to Lessee shall be sufficiently served if
    left addressed to Lessee or sent by registered mail addressed to Lessee at the above said address of Lessee or
    sent by facsimile to the office of Lessee or
    sent by e-mail to the General Manager of Lessee.
    And any notice to Lessor shall be sufficiently served if
    a) left addressed to Lessor or sent by registered mail addressed to Lessor at the above said address of Lessor or
    b) sent by facsimile to the office of Lessor or
    c) sent by e-mail to the General Manager of Lessor.
    Any notice by mail as aforesaid shall be deemed to have been given at the time when in due course of mail it would be delivered at the address to which it has been sent PROVIDED that either party to these presents may give to the other party hereto notice of any change of its address and any notice of such change of address shall be in writing and served in accordance with the provisions hereinbefore contained in this clause.
    The failure of either party in any one or more instance(s) to insist upon the performance of any of the terms, covenants or conditions of this lease, or to the exercise of any right or privilege in this lease conferred, or the waiver of the breach of any of the terms, covenants or conditions of this lease, shall not be construed as thereafter waiving any such terms, covenants or conditions, rights or privileges but the same shall continue and remain in full force and effect as if no such forbearance or waiver had occurred.
    Any of the terms or provisions hereof which are held invalid, void or illegal shall in no way affect, impair or invalidate any of the other provisions hereof and such other provisions shall remain in full force and effect.
    In the event that either party shall file a petition in bankruptcy or proceedings in bankruptcy shall be instituted against either party, or a court shall take jurisdiction of either party and its assets pursuant to any legal proceedings, or a receiver of either party’s assets shall be appointed, then and in any of those events, the other party may terminate this lease by written notice to the insolvent party, and thereupon the provisions of clause 8 hereof applicable to termination shall be applicable under this clause.
    All compensation, allowances, valuations and claims to which either party may be entitled to under this lease agreement, or otherwise in respect of any matter or thing whatsoever arising there under, if not settled between the parties hereto, shall be referred to and decided by two (2) competent persons well acquainted with the business of leasing of motor vehicles and equipment contemplated under this lease agreement, one to be chosen by either party, or by an umpire, to be chosen by the referees in the usual course in similar cases, and their or his decision shall, in all respects be final and conclusive on both parties. The costs of such reference shall be divided between the parties equally, but each party shall pay their own legal costs.
    Please contact the Transport Superintendent, at telephone number 427-3990 (option 4) or the Manager of Engineering at 424-1650, for any clarifications or additional information.

    Quantity of Vehicles/equipment to be supplied:
    Four (4) Water Tankers

    Specifications for Water Tankers

    Purpose: For the Transporting and Delivery of Potable Water
    Engine: 4 cycle, 6 cylinder, direct injection, water cool diesel engine.
    Output: 1400-7000 CC, Turbo charged
    Right Hand Drive
    CAB: Tilt type with torsion bar
    Fuel tank capacity approx. 200 litres
    Transmission: Manual gear box, 5-6 forward gears synchromesh
    Option (2) Automatic
    Steering: Power ball and nut type, Power assisted Telescopic and tilt steering with steering lock
    Full air/ Air over hydraulics
    Parking: Internal expanding type at rear of transmission or spring loaded brake cylinder acting on both rear wheels
    Exhaust: Air operated butterfly valve type
    900×20/ 1100×20
    Standard driver’s seat with (3) point seat belt
    Co- driver’s seat with (3) point seat belt
    Sun visors for driver and co-drivers side
    Instruments: Standard console, speedometer in KM, Reversing warning device, Temperature and Fuel gauge, A/C system, AM/FM radio, Floor Mats
    Low oil pressure warning signal
    High temperature warning signal
    Rear view mirror on driver’s side
    Wide angle mirror on passenger side
    Beacon light at top of cab (Amber)
    Air Horn (optional)
    Mud flaps to front and rear wheels
    Battery, 12 or 24 Volt system
    Negative Earth
    Design: Cylindrical or elliptical
    Capacity 1400-1600 Imperial Gallons
    Should be constructed of Mild Steel or Stainless Steel (Optional)
    Thickness of Shell – 3.2 MM (0.126 in)
    Number of Baffles One (1)
    Two (2) hinge type man holes with air vent to each chamber, access for man to enter into the tank through man hole.
    Couplings at pump should be 2 ½ ‘’ Alloy Male/ Female, instantaneous
    Level gauge with isolator valve (water tank)
    Water pump, P.T.O Driven
    Capacity 550 litres/min at 2000-3600 RPM
    Delivery Pressure 20 – 50 M
    The suction of the pump shall be coupled to the water tank with the appropriate valves so as to allow for pumping from the tank itself or, if necessary, receiving water from another source for lifting to higher elevations.
    The delivery of the pump shall be so outfitted and valved as to allow for the pump to deliver water via the hose attachments to external points or to replenish the water tank on the vehicle.

    Two (2) Hose Boxes at the side of the tank, with closing lids
    Ladder and Cat walk to access man holes (Ladder attached to the left side of tank or at rear)
    Duel gravity discharge, from rear of tank 2” pipe to extend just over the rear bumper, This 2’’ pipe should be ‘T’ branch to left side and right side of tank. One side remains 2” open end, the other end of the 2’’ ‘T’ should be reduced to ½ ‘’ open end, for delivery topep’ bottles. Each delivery port should have an off/on ball valve to each port and at main discharge from tank.
    All hoses to the water tank must be to food grade safe non transparent
    All open ends/ports must be caped.
    Two (2) 50” Length of 2” lay flat fire hose should be supplied with 2 ½ ‘’ couplings male/female on either end (instantaneous)
    One (1) Stand pipe (single delivery with lug inlet for hydrant)
    One (1) Hydrant bar and key
    One (1) Work light should be mounted at the rear of the tank top
    To alert customers of the water truck
    A Music Box system should be installed with BWA’s
    Copy of CD would be made available

    Inner layer of the tank shall be sand blasted (if not stainless steel) and painted with two (2) coats of a food safe epoxy.
    Exterior of the tank shall be painted silver grey Hyundai (Code S5)

    The truck and chassis should be painted green with white at the top of the cab.
    Paint- The green is` Customized’ therefore there is no international code. To ensure compliance with the green colour, Tenderer should obtain a sample from our local paint suppliers.
    WHITE, Super white or Toyota 040
    Should be applied to driver and passenger door and at the rear of water tank
    Drinking water signage should be applied on left side, right side and rear of the water tank
    Spare wheel, jack and wheel tool should be provided
    Parts/Maintenance, Manuals should be supplied for the truck and water pump
    In (English)

  12. @ John September 24, 2016 at 6:35 PM
    “…. um … the Magna Carta was in 1215, Barbados was settled in 1626/7 …. and the MC was in England!!!”

    John, after making such a brilliant science-based contribution on the water distribution situation in St. Joseph and the water challenges facing the country in general we are a bit disappointed with your approach regarding the plantation land holdings.

    It is clear (or perhaps intellectually disingenuous on your part) you missed the point encased in the kernel of sarcasm when reference to the Magna Carta was made.

    What was intended is the contention that the provisions enshrined in that ‘treaty’ or first ‘hand-sewn’ decree or charter on human rights were certainly available to the early English settlers of Barbadoes who subsequently refused to extend those same rights to the indigenous people from whom they forcibly took the same lands which you so proudly list in your archive of stolen properties.

    The Oistins Bay treaty signed at the Mermaid Inn was a classic example of the 1215 “Great Charter of the Liberties”.

    Were these same rights extended to the real natives and to the subsequent immigrant groups from West African seen only as chattel with no more rights than the beast of burden brought from overseas to ‘slave’ on the same plantations you have so proudly chronicled?

    Just take note of the following ‘apologetic’ statements to justify pillage, plunder and slavery you subsequently made by the reincarnated Quaker John of the spirit the former slave trader Greyhound Newton @ John September 25, 2016 at 10:55 AM:

    “That they made the Gospel available to the slaves is evident because a law in 1676 prohibits them from having slaves at their meetings.

    Anyone giving out on a Quaker with slaves at a meeting got to share 50/50 in the fine!!
    Christianity is a matter of choice, a few slaves accepted, most I believe did not.

    It did not prevent the slaves from being humanely treated by their Quaker owners.
    At emancipation there was a need to “convert” the slaves and teach them to read and write. The Anglican Church did that and did it well.”

    It’s truly of Amazing Grace how you John the Redeemer can be so proud of your ancestors’ past deeds of compassion to the niggers on your plantations and in your homes of domestic exploitation but find it stubbornly difficult to discuss the rampant pillage rape and murder of the indigenous people who welcomed the same hungry musty smelling sickly ancestors with food, clean spring water and suitable attire with open arms.

  13. bajans September 24, 2016 at 12:28 PM #

    Robert Noel ran against Sir Grantley in St.Joseph.Bob as he was known was bajan born&bred,lived here and was at one time Commodore of the Barbados Cruising Club,he died in Barbados around 10 years ago.

  14. @ Wha Loss Dem Stupid

    It is obvious that, given your ability to provide these details you are

    (a) either the holder of the agreement in particular or

    (b) the party providing the tender.

    It would appear that you are imputing that Caswell is lying.

    Your specific reasons seem easily extrapolatable.

    This contract supply here on BU is a knee-jerk “retroactive action”

    That type of modus of operation has attended all these “sweetheart deals” that you people? are involved in.

    There are a number of things that are noted in the document which any reader can comment on.

    But there is one thing that is glaringly evident rather absent in this contract.


    You mean to tell me Wha Loss Dem Stupid that,

    a.with all of the issues attending these contracts,
    b.particularly since there is the possibility of the contract being fulfilled by a CARICOM supplier,
    c.that we are still so “stoopid” that the BWA still does not ensure that a jurisdiction clause is included,
    d.specifically where Barbados is the jurisdiction???

    The thing that I find is that wunna does come heah and write voluminous documents wid nuff big words and feel dat people dat reading is so ingrunt that we ent going notice dese glaring inconsistencies read “big foot lies”

  15. Steupsss @ Miller
    It’s truly of Amazing Grace how you John the Redeemer can be so proud of your ancestors’ past deeds of compassion to the niggers on your plantations and in your homes of domestic exploitation but find it stubbornly difficult to discuss the rampant pillage rape and murder of the indigenous people who welcomed the same hungry musty smelling sickly ancestors with food, clean spring water and suitable attire with open arms.
    You just playing that you don’t know that John and his ancestors value everything by its ability to contribute to their finances. Those indigenous people weren’t ‘able wid nuh hard wuk the brass bowl negroes’….. furthermore, they had this ridiculous penchant for choosing to die …before living as anyone’s slaves.

    You really expect John’s ‘Quaker-ancestors’ to waste time and compassion on them?
    …Now when it came to the compliant, hard-working, docile, respectful, brass-bowl niggers – that was different. …talk bout a mine field?!! …and cheap?!! …and worshipful?!!
    These brass bowls were so stupid that once fully trained, they could be ’emancipated’ … and forced to feed and house themselves – while continuing to enrich and kowtow to the Quaker and other albinos…

    Nothing ‘Amazing Grace’ about it…. purely mercenary…… and black brass bowlery…

  16. The point you miss of course is that slavery persisted both before and after the Magna Carta.

    The MC had had no effect.

    In the case of slaves in Africa, they were taken out of Africa through the Sahara for hundreds of years before and after the Magna Carta!!

    Nothing stopped it until the Quakers came along.

    It isn’t at all surprising that the Magna Carta had no effect whatsoever on the institution of slavery.

    It was a creation of man and it would be unlikely to have any effect on slavery which had been an institution for thousands of years until the advent of the Quakers!!!

    This fact is simple and irrefutable … within 200 years of the advent of the Quakers in 1648 slavery had been outlawed!!

    … no thanks to the Magna Carta!!

    Fact is fact!!

    Science isn’t really necessary!!

    I don’t think anybody would waste their time trying to extract any point encased in the kernel of sarcasm with which you encased the Magna Carta because you omitted to put any point in that kernel in the first place!!


    … now if you were really up on your history you might notice that the Treaty of Oistins came after the advent of the Quakers in Barbados and is probably a product of Quaker thinking !!

    You will also notice that at Independence America chose to separate Church and State, unlike England, a direct consequence of Quaker thinking and the experience of the Civil War in England.

    … and if you really look you will find that the Declaration of Independence was drafted by many men with links to Barbados …. Quakers in fact!!

    George Washington himself was related to the Ball family of Barbados, a Quaker family and I have no doubt he freed his slaves when he died as a result of the Quakers in America choosing to free their salves in 1760.

    … and further, if you are really up on your history you will also realise that the movement to abolish slavery started shortly after that and it was started by Quakers.

    I will leave that with you to ponder and cogitate!!

    I will also leave you examples of their work in North America with Native Americans, your apparent pet peeve!!

  17. @ The Sage Annunaki

    I wondered about that as well, the Moses begat Saul begat Paul and all of that.

    I skimmed it all and waited until his magazine had run out of bullets and until he put in a new magazine to see what his point was.

    For he had indeed carried us down a brilliant geological track earlier.

    So the old man concluded three things.

    A.The specific property seems to be part of the properties that Plantations or Deeds has indicated belong to the lady that owns land over all Barbados AND JOHN sought to provide conclusive begats to disavow Plantations OR ANY OTHER PERSONS WHO CURRENTLY ARE IN COURT IN AN ESTATE DISPUTE laying claim to that property that these deed were well researched

    B.That John was using the opportunity to use BU as a forum for his new services for Land Titles FOR IT MUST BE THAT HE HAS ALL THE ELECTRONIC DATA for ALL LAND TITLES in his possession and not just that of this specific plantation

    C.That John is part of the AC/Legion team that has been assigned to BU to obscure the issues that are here assembled, but various means.

    For example.

    This is an issue that substantively deals with “the Politics of Water Security” right?

    The fallout about this matter is David PittBull right?

    What better strategy than carry us all down memory lane and “A River Runs Deep” remembrances that give the readers a longing for things past AND SIMULTANEOUSLY DEFLATES the substantive topic?

    If you notice one thing you will notice that AC and Legion ARE ABSENT FROM THE BLOG after John started posting his dribble.

    Must say that the cool-aid tasted good, for a while, during the period of Remembrance and non-Political propaganda.

    You do know that the rising mounds of a woman’s behind, it photographed as the precise angle resembles breasts?

    Dem is getting better, Sage Annunaki. heheheheheheh

  18. @piece

    I think Wha Lost Dem Stupid was asking a question as to whether Caswell’s source was a liar and not whether Caswell himself is a liar.

  19. It is clear that the solutions to the delivery of water and sanitation for all are fundamentally political in nature and not just technical.

    The politicians caused the problems with the water …. simple!!

    No way to get a political solution … they can only make it worse.

    It is the problem that is political, not the solution!!

    For generations all the way back to the year dot, the people in the area were able to survive and thrive.

    Ergo, people now need to solve the problem …. waiting on a political solution or for the next political party to solve the problem is an exercise in futility!!

    … and the solution is actually largely technical!!

    The logic of the article is therefore flawed!!


  20. Chuckle……I notice that when facts are presented that do not allow room for rumshop behaviour but instead broadens the mind some folks are just not pleased.

  21. Two questions:

    How much potable water is received by the cruise ships when they arrive at our port terminus?


    How much revenue is gained from such a transaction?

  22. @ John , if you visit Little England now, you will see someone constructing a home there. He has hired the services of the local Water Diviner, who discovered a source running towards Little England, from under St Anns Church. Industry House at one time was home to one of the Colonial Governor’s ADC’s, and also our Olympian Freda Nichools The area from Airy Hill to Industry was referred to as Pounder (s). At the back of Industry, is another small Plantation Clement Rock, which was owned by the same family as those at Laynes House Plantation, where incidentally there is an abundance of water,and a fan mill. To the west of Clement Rock was an even smaller plantation, Content.

  23. On a tangenital issue…….

    I wonder why,as stated on page 2 of the Sunday Sun 25 sep,govt is paying for a geological study of the White Hill area?

    Has the geology of the Scotland District changed to make all previous surveys invalid and why has the Soil Conservation unit which was established for this purpose not been asked to report any changes to the geological structure.

  24. I found Content a few years back after I asked someone in the area to show me.

    Clement Rock I know … both have values attached to their names which are part of our Quaker heritage.

    Rock refers to Christ and Clement Rock means I believe that the Clement family was saying our family is based on belief in Christ.

    If you look carefully at the Gully under Little England you will see it leads into Russia Gully and runs East/West.

    It is fed from the continuation of Coffee Gully and then feeds Prideaux Gully both of which run approximately North/South.

    The other major example in where a gully runs east west like that is at Applewhaites.

    Not surprisingly, there is a public water supply source by Applewhaites.

    There are others, one at the head of Jack in the Box.

    In St. Peter at Turtle Back Ridge, the change in direction is from East/West the natural direction towards the sea to North/South.

    My best explanation so far as to why gullies undergo such a radical change in direction is because of collapsed and collapsing caves under them.

    A long long time ago, before the Quakers and the Arawaks came to Barbados, sea level was much higher, in fact it started out covering Barbados!!

    As it fell, the Coral cap grew under the surface of the sea.

    As it kept falling, the coral cap became exposed and the coral, previously living in sea water died.

    The dead coral then was exposed to rainfall which tried to get to the sea.

    The rain water not only ran off the coral, but also dissolved paths to the sea in the dead coral.

    When it reached the sea inside the coral (porous) it formed a lens of fresh water just like what exists at Belle and along the West Coast and parts of the South East Coast

    This dissolved the rock and formed caves well below the surface in the coral.

    My theory is that as the sea level continued to fall the caves were left hanging in air.

    Over time the roofs collapsed and the floor rose with the debris from the collapse.

    The size of the cave remained the same so effectively it rose up through the coral.

    I think the place you referred to as “The Crack” in Castle Grant Gully is the result of such a process where the cave ultimately reached the surface as evidenced by caves in the two sides of the gully.

    Wherever you see a gully changing direction there is water!!

    It is following a path it cut in the dead coral to the cave.

    Another good example is in Farmer’s Gully where in the 1890’s a 50 foot well was sunk.

    If you look down at the surface of the water you can see it flowing.

    The well hit an underground stream dead on.

    Senn did not exist then so it was probably done by divination!!

    Use of water from this source was discontinued in 1917 after it was linked to a second outbreak of Typhoid fever.

    Now, the underground stream flows to the Trent’s or Porter’s catchment, probably Porters forget which…. I would have to look back at the model I built on the computer to predict its path.

  25. There is a booklet by Hans Machel that used to be in the Museum Library which has some nice diagrams on the geology of Barbados

  26. There is a well at Bushy Park, just up the road from Little England.

    It is 158 feet deep to water and it is 1-2 feet deep …. Senn Report, 1946

    It is at an elevation of 870 feet.

    Other wells in the area are at Cliton (168ft), Olive Branch (160?)

    All these wells have one thing in common.

    The streams which feed them all deposit water at Applewhaites some of which is extracted for the public water supply and the rest flows on to Belle/Codrington and the “desal” plant.

    You will find that to put a pump in any well at Little England will require a license from the BWA ….. check the Barbados Water Authority Act!!

    I can’t see them granting a new license for private extraction from their source!!

    Existing wells still in operation will, I guess continue … grandfather clause!!

  27. No well on the list at Pleasant Vale

    That I think shows the harmony and friendship that existed in the area and was passed down from Quaker times.

    The Barbados Water Supply Company could only supply water up to 700 feet, physically impossible to get higher.

    It was bought out by the government in the late 1890’s as was the Bridgetown Water Supply Company and the WWD formed. That has become the BWA.

    My guess is that the well at Bushy Park supplied people working at the same Bushy Park and Pleasant Vale from the time it was dug, whenever that was.

    There was no well at Lammings but at that elevation there are surface sources because no coral grew there.

    Before the well at Bushy Park these sources probably supplied people living and working in the area.

    There had to exist harmony and friendship!!!!

    Today it is a dog eat dog world.

    No one cares about his neighbor.

    History shows the area was quite stable and predictable so water must have been available for all as they needed.

    I am going to propose the first step to solving the water woes created by the politicians.

    Get together and work for one another … old time Bajan value handed down from generations before!!!

    When you get past this realization that you have to work together and are actually doing it, make noise with the politicians who have spent the last 50 years dividing you and destroying the harmony that existed in St. Joseph.

    Don’t waste time with the BWA unless you find them lax in repairing burst pipes or not meeting a tanker delivery schedule.

    They can only distribute what they can pump, and God determines that through the rain!!

    Spend your protest time outside Parliament where the politicians routinely meet to formalize their plans to disrupt your peaceful existence in St. Joseph.

    Another place to protest would be on the Esplanade!!!

    If however you actually figure out how to work together after 50 years of brain washing, the politicians will be falling over themselves looking to join you!!

    … and if that happens, the whole of Barbados will breathe a collective sigh of relief because you will have neutered them!!

  28. Vincent Haynes September 25, 2016 at 1:32 PM
    I also recall a fellow named Tello, running against Adams and Smith . (Vote Top and Bottom. Just like cutting canes,was BoyCjile’s slogan.
    Following Tello’s failure , the song of the day was, ” Ah drink up all of Tello rum, and ah vote fer Labour.”

  29. Olive Branch became a cricket ground for the Sugar Hill team of Goodwill ,another Quaker word. The old mill wall was the pavilion. Olive Branch also housed some big concrete tanks which Andrews Factory used to dump the worthless molasses, or ratta ,into.
    On the main road from Russia Village , just opposite the road to Olive Branch was one of the deepest wells that I had ever seen. Even during dry spells, looking down into this well when the sun was directly overhead , indicated the presence of water.

  30. I was looking at an old map from 1891 which plotted the progress of the installation of standpipes in rural Barbados by what was then known as the Barbados Water Supply Co.

    There were none at the time in St. Joseph, or St. Andrew or St. John or for that matter St. Lucy.

    The tunnels at Harrison and Coles Cave were the highest point of supply, 768 feet so St. Joseph was out of reach.

    Castle Grant was a dream!!

    … and yet, no one in St. Joseph or St. Andrew or St. John or St. Lucy died of thirst.

    The nearest standpipe to St. Joseph looks like it was in the village past Strong Hope, fed from the tunnels in the nearby caves.

    Next time I am in the area I will look in the Walkes Spring area on the way to Mount Wilton and see if I see any evidence of the old standpipe.

    Colonel, do you remember the locations of standpipes you came and found as a boy?

    I suspect St. Joseph was without piped water till the 1930’s/40’s

    By 1891, the installation of Standpipes had reached as far north as Speightstown with none inland in St. Peter.

    I know that by 1901 they had reached up to Boscobelle because I read of the destruction of the water main in the 1901 Boscobelle landslip.

    Parts of Barbados got by without piped water probably until the 1930’s perhaps 1940’s when the geology of the country was beginning to be understood and water sources could be identified and exploited.

    By the 1960’s water resources had been identified and quantified.

    …. and then we got inflicted with a bunch of jokers who squandered it, like everything they touched!!

  31. My father told a story of some workers lifting water in a cask out of a well at Strong Hope. During a lift of a full cask of water, a pen knife was observed stuck into the side of it. The cask was emptied , sent down again, and was quickly brought back up bearing a passenger, a European, who had been exploring the caves, entering at Coles Cave.
    By the time I came along, St Joseph was awash with stand pipes. I was shown a well in Chimborazzo that provided the supply before the stand pipes came along. This too would have provided Chimporazzo Mill with water. Some parts of St Joseph were fed directly from Golden Ridge ,like Parris Hill and Airy Hill,and Clement Rock. Bushy Park Plantation is on that line ,and was fed by a pipe running through the gully in Cooper Bottom. Just past the cart road to Little England, there was a stand pipe of the left before the vicarage.

  32. Was the St. Ann’s vicarage at Industry?

    Where is Cooper Bottom?

    Never heard of it.

    I have some Cooper ancestors but I always thought they came from St. Philip or Christ Church as did most of my local ancestors.

    Is that the bottom on St. Ann’s side on the road to Retreat?

    I have crossed the gully just past Industry and come up in Bushy Park yard.

    I guess the pipe went that way to feed Bushy Park and also continued up the main road to Clement Rock/Parris Hill.

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