Sweet Sunday Sermon – SIX PREDICTIVE VIEWS OF CHRIST IN ZECHARIAH 3

Submitted by Dr. GP

1-7  SOLICITOR   advocate  lawyer mediator c.f I John 2:2

SUPREME JUDGE acquits Joshua

v 8 SERVANT

v 8 SPROUT        SCION

v 9 STONE

v 9 SIN REMOVER

He is revealed here as

V 1-7  SOLICITOR   advocate  lawyer mediator  (c.f I John 2:2)

IN Zechariah chapter Joshua the high priest IS standing before the Angel of the LORD. because he is conducting his priestly duties representing the nation Israel (Deut. 10:8; 2 Chron. 29:11).

This is  not Joshua, the son of Nunn, whom we encounter in the book of Joshua. This Joshua is a type of the high priest of Israel who is to come because he and his priestly companions are said to be men symbolic of things to come (v. 8).

Satan is seen standing at the right hand of Joshua accusing him before the Angel of the LORD.

The presence of Satan changes the scene from a priestly one to a judicial one.Because of God’s gracious love and choice of Israel the Angel of the LORD acquits Joshua. The acquittal took the form of removing the filthy garments (vv. 3-5) and clothing Joshua with a clean garment.

The basis of the rebuke is God’s choice of Israel. Walvoord and Zuck notes that in the figure before us just as the high priest represented the entire nation on the Day of atonement, so here Joshua the high priest was accused and acquitted on behalf of the nation Israel.

The Angel of the LORD is to be identified as the preincarnate Christ. He speaks as LORD and yet distinguishes Himself from the LORD when He addresses Satan. Moreover, He virtually forgives sins. The LORD said to Satan . . . The LORD rebuke you, Satan! (v. 2). In verse four the Angel of the LORD says, See, I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes.

V 8 SERVANT

8Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.

  • As the Servant of GOD , we know from the prophet Isaiah that Jesus Christ would come to  do the Father’s will
  • He is the Lord’s Servant because of His willing, patient and perfect obedience to His Father as exprssd in several scriptures  (Ps. 40:6-8; Isa. 42:1ff; 49:1-5; 52:13ff; 53:1f). (Isa. 42:1; 49:3-4; 50:10; 52:13; 53:11; Ezek. 34:23-24).
  • Zechariah probably has in mind Isaiah 52-53 because he says in verse nine the Messiah will remove the iniquity of the land.
  • In John 5:30 Jesus said, I can do nothing on My own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is just, because I do not seek My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.

    8 SPROUT       SCION OR BRANCH

    V 9 STONE

9For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.

  • Jesus is also called “the Stone.” The Stone Engraved
  • He is predicted in Daniel 2:44-45 as the stone that the crushing stone that will destroy the statue made of various metals.
  • This foretells the Lord Jesus Christ rolling over the armies of the Gentiles at Armageddon at the end of the age and bringing God’s judgment  to bring the times of the gentiles to and end
  • When Daniel explained Nebuchadnezzar’s dream to him, he said,
  • Dan. 2:34 “You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay, and crushed them.
    Dan. 2:35 “…the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth. ”
    Again, this refers to the return of Christ, destroying the rebellious nations, and establishing His rule and reign upon the earth.
  • Jesus is the Stone that the builders rejected , Who will become the chief cornerstone (Ps. 118:22; Matt. 21:42; 1 Peter 2:5-7).
  • He is also a stone of stumbling for unbelieving Israel (Rom. 9:31-33). Cf. Psalm 118:22; Matt. 21:42; 1 Peter 2:5-6.
  • He is the Stone of stumbling for unbelieving Israel and the Rock of offense (Rom 9:32-33).
  • He is the Rock that poured forth water in the wilderness (1Cor. 10:4).
    The Stone is here described as having seven eyes – complete vision to see all that happens. Jesus is all-seeing, all-knowing. He knows our sins, yet desires to remove our iniquity from us. He said,
    Luke 20:18 “Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; but on whomever it falls, it will scatter him like dust.”
    We can choose to fall on Him – allowing our hearts to be broken by sin – or we can reject His call and the Rock will fall on us. 
  • The seven eyes on one stone is probably the wisdom and intelligence of the Messiah or the Holy Spirit upon Him (Isa. 11:2; Rev. 5:6). The seven eyes indicate perfect insight and perfect knowledge and powers of the all-knowing omniscient King.
  • In Revelation 5:6 the seven eyes of the Lamb are the seven Spirits of God, and with the sevenfold eyes of Yahweh, they are the sevenfold radiations of the Spirit of Yahweh (Isa. 11:2)
  • V 9 SIN REMOVER   remover of iniquity
  • The deliverance from the exile shows that Joshua and his friends were smoking sticks plucked by the omnipotence of grace from the fire of merited judgment.
  • Verse 9 predicts points beyond this to an incomparably greater and better act of the sin-absolving grace of God, that was fulfilled at the first coming of the Branch when Jesus Christ died once and for all to take away sin (Heb. 7:27; 9:12; 10:10; 9:12; 10:14; 9:26; Ps. 103:12; Rev. 5:6; Acts 10:43).
  • Was “the sin of this land” removed in one day. Yes! The removal of the iniquity of the land in one day was accomplished at Calvary, when the Branch, the Stone, died in our place The wiping away of sin was effected by the Messiah and will not have to be continually repeated, but was finished all at once. The day of completion was at Calvary.
  • The removal of iniquity is the exclusive work of the Messiah.

10 comments

  • Amen

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  • IN THE NOTES ABOVE HAVING READ THE CHAPTER, I HAVE PROVIDED AN OUTLINE WITH SIX “S” IN THE APPROVED WAY, AND THEN EXPANDED BRIEFLY ON THE SUBJECT MATTER OF THE CHAPTER IN THE APPROVED WAY AS TAUGHT AND ILLUSTRATED BY SOUND SERIOUS SCRIPTURAL SCHOLARS

    A GOOD OUTLINE ALLOWS ONE TO SPEAK/TEACH INTELLIGENTLY FOR 5 MINUTES OR AN HOUR AS IS REQUIRED

    IT IS IMPORTANT TO TEACH OTHERS TO TEACH EVEN WHILE YOU ARE TEACHING SO THAT THE TENET OF 2 TIMOTHY 2:2 MIGHT BE EFFECTED EFFECTIVELY

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  • Zechariah is an old testament prophet in the hebrew bible / torah.
    Jews do not believe/recognise Jesus as the/their messiah.
    Jesus started a new covenant / relationship with God for Jews and Gentiles.

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  • HERE IS ANOTHER PERSPECTIVE TO CONSIDER OF ZACHARIAH 3! PART 2

    GOD’S CHOICE OF JERUSALEM ( ZECHARIAH 3:2 ) WAS UNTO ITS SANCTIFICATION ( JOHN 15:16 , ROMANS 8:29 ); HENCE THE CHARGE HERE WHICH CONNECTS THE PROMISED BLESSING WITH OBEDIENCE.

    My charge–the ordinances, ritual and moral ( Numbers 3:28 Numbers 3:31 Numbers 3:32 Numbers 3:38 Joshua 1:7-9 1 Kings 2:3 Ezekiel 44:16 ).

    Judge my house–Thou shalt long preside over the temple ceremonial as high priest ( Leviticus 10:10 , Ezekiel 44:23 , Malachi 2:7 ) [GROTIUS]. Or, rule over My house, that is, My people [MAURER] ( Numbers 12:7 , Hosea 8:1 ). We know from Deuteronomy 17:9 that the priest judged cases. He was not only to obey the Mosaic institute himself, but to see that it was obeyed by others. God’s people are similarly to exercise judgment hereafter, as the reward of their present faithfulness ( Daniel 7:18 Daniel 7:22 , Luke 19:17 , 1 Corinthians 6:2 ); by virtue of their royal priesthood ( Revelation 1:6 ).

    Keep my courts–guard My house from profanation.

    Places to walk–free ingress and egress ( 1 Samuel 18:16 , 1 Kings 3:7 , 15:17 ), so that thou mayest go through these ministering angels who stand by Jehovah ( Zechariah 4:14 , 6:5 , 1 Kings 22:19 ) into His presence, discharging thy priestly function. In Ezekiel 42:4 the same Hebrew word is used of a walk before the priests’ chambers in the future temple. Zechariah probably refers here to such a walk or way; Thou shalt not merely walk among priests like thyself, as in the old temple walks, but among the very angels as thine associates. HENGSTENBERG translates, “I will give thee guides (from) among these,” &c. But there is no “from” in the Hebrew; English Version is therefore better. Priests are called angels or “messengers” ( Malachi 2:7 ); they are therefore thought worthy to be associated with heavenly angels. So these latter are present at the assemblies of true Christian worshippers ( 1 Corinthians 11:10 ; compare Ecclesiastes 5:6 , Ephesians 3:10 , Revelation 22:9 ).

    Hear–On account of the magnitude of what He is about to say, He at once demands solemn attention.

    THY FELLOWS THAT SIT BEFORE THEE–THY SUBORDINATE COLLEAGUES IN THE PRIESTHOOD; NOT THAT THEY WERE ACTUALLY THEN SITTING BEFORE HIM; BUT THEIR USUAL POSTURE IN CONSULTATIONS WAS ON CHAIRS OR BENCHES BEFORE HIM, WHILE HE SAT ON AN ELEVATED SEAT AS THEIR PRESIDENT.

    THEY ARE–FROM SPEAKING TO JOSHUA HE PASSES TO SPEAKING OF HIM AND THEM, IN THE THIRD PERSON, TO THE ATTENDANT ANGELS (compare Zechariah 3:9 ).

    Men wondered at–Hebrew, “men of wonder,” that is, having a typical character ( Isaiah 8:18 , 20:3 , Ezekiel 12:11 , 24:24 ). JOSHUA THE HIGH PRIEST TYPIFIES MESSIAH, AS JOSHUA’S “FELLOWS” TYPIFY BELIEVERS WHOM MESSIAH ADMITS TO SHARE HIS PRIESTHOOD ( 1 Peter 2:5 , Revelation 5:10 ). This, its typical character, then, is a pledge to assure the desponding Jews that the priesthood shall be preserved till the great Antitype comes. There may be also an indirect reproof of the unbelief of the multitude who “wonder” at God’s servants and even at God’s Son incredulously ( Psalms 71:7 , Isaiah 8:18 , 53:1 , &c.).

    Behold–marking the greatness of what follows.

    My servant–the characteristic title of Messiah ( Isaiah 42:1 , 49:3 , 50:10 , 52:13 , 53:11 , Ezekiel 34:23 Ezekiel 34:24 ).

    Thee Branch–Messiah, a tender branch from the almost extinct royal line of David ( Zechariah 6:12 , Isaiah 4:2 , 11:1 , Jeremiah 23:5 , 33:15 ). Luke 1:78 , where for “day spring,” “branch” may be substituted ( Malachi 4:2 , however, favors English Version). The reference cannot be to Zerubbabel (as GROTIUS thinks), for he was then in the full discharge of his office, whereas “the Branch” here is regarded as future.

    For–expressing the ground for encouragement to the Jews in building the temple: I (Jehovah) have laid the (foundation) stone as the chief architect, before (in the presence of) Joshua, by “the hand of Zerubbabel” ( Zechariah 4:10 , Ezra 3:8-13 ), so that your labor in building shall not be vain. ANTITYPICALLY, THE (FOUNDATION) STONE ALLUDED TO IS CHRIST, BEFORE CALLED “THE BRANCH.” Lest any should think from that term that His kingdom is weak, He now calls it “the stone,” because of its solidity and strength whereby it is to be the foundation of the Church, and shall crush all the world kingdoms ( Psalms 118:22 ; compare Isaiah 28:16 , Daniel 2:45 , Matthew 21:42 , 1 Corinthians 3:11 , 1 Peter 2:6 1 Peter 2:7 ). The angel pointing to the chief stone lying before Him, intimates that a deeper mystery than the material temple is symbolized. MOORE thinks the “stone” is the Jewish Church, which Jehovah engages watchfully to guard. The temple, rather, is that symbolically. But the antitype of the foundation-stone is Messiah.

    Upon one stone shall be seven eyes–namely, the watchful “eyes” of Jehovah’s care ever fixed “upon” it ( Zechariah 4:10 ) [MAURER]. The eye is the symbol of Providence: “seven,” of perfection ( Revelation 5:6 ; compare 2 Chronicles 16:9 , Psalms 32:8 ). Antitypically, “the seven eyes upon the stone” are the eyes of all angels ( 1 Timothy 3:16 ), and of all saints ( John 3:14 John 3:15 , 12:32 ), and of the patriarchs and prophets ( John 8:56 , 1 Peter 1:10 1 Peter 1:11 ), fixed on Christ; above all, the eyes of the Father ever rest with delight on Him. CALVIN (perhaps better) considers the seven eyes to be carved on the stone, that is, not the eyes of the Father and of angels and saints ever fixed on Him, but His own sevenfold (perfect) fullness of grace, and of gifts of the Spirit ( Isaiah 11:2 Isaiah 11:3 , John 1:16 , 3:34 , Colossians 1:19 , 2:9 ), and His watchful providence now for the Jews building the temple, and always for His Church, His spiritual temple. Thus the “stone” is not as other stones senseless, but living and full of eyes of perfect intelligence ( 1 Peter 2:4 , “a living stone”), who not only attracts the eyes ( John 12:32 ) of His people, but emits illumination so as to direct them to Him.

    Engrave . . . graying–implying Messiah’s exceeding beauty and preciousness; alluding to the polished stones of the temple: Christ excelled them, as much as God who “prepared His body” ( Hebrews 10:5 ; compare John 2:21 ) is superior to all human builders.

    Remove . . . Iniquity of that land in one day–that is, the iniquity and its consequences, namely the punishment to which the Jews heretofore had been subjected ( Haggai 1:6 Haggai 1:9-11 ). The remission of sin is the fountain of every other blessing. The “one day” of its removal is primarily the day of national atonement celebrated after the completion of the temple ( Leviticus 23:27 ) on the tenth day of the seventh month. Antitypically, the atonement by Messiah for all men, once for all (“one day”) offered, needing no repetition like the Mosaic sacrifices ( Hebrews 10:10 Hebrews 10:12 Hebrews 10:14 ).

    under. . . vine . . . fig tree–emblem of tranquil prosperity ( 1 Kings 4:25 ). Type of spiritual peace with God through Christ ( Romans 5:1 ); and of millennial blessedness ( Micah 4:4 ).

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  • @ GP February 2, 2020 10:21 AM
    “And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable people who will also be qualified to teach others.”
    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    So why can’t you (the GP doc of divinity) take MasterTimothy’s requirements to their full and tell us who is that character in your Bible called Melchizedek?

    After all, your master teacher Jesus was a priest of his High Order and even Father Abraham had to pay homage to this being of supremacy.

    But why are we asking a ‘Sun day’ primary school teacher to lecture at the Galileo University of Heliocentricity?

    PS: Sorry about the “bull(y)ing”. Just a taste of your own medicine ( pun intended).
    But those who live in religious glass houses should not throw stones at those who rent political caravans like the kid GP junior looking to find his way through the desert of mirages.

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  • Black Saint, Angels and Jews have become Caucasians like the Devil stealing spirituality.

    the black madonna is too black, maybe Jesus was too

    GP is no teacher or preacher or reacher when he hails the chump Trump
    Trumps peace plan has been rejected by Palestine who have cut off ties with Israel and USA.
    The Trump chumps fambily did not consult one single Palestinian before whitesplaining the stupidness

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  • my predictive powers say Ellerton vs BDF 02 Feb 22:00 will be an away win

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  • Melchizedek IS discussed in Genesis 14; Psalm 110 and in Hebrews 7
    He prefigures the Lord as Priest and King.

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  • @ GP February 2, 2020 5:25 PM

    We know where we can find Melchizedek mentioned in your book of legends.

    Are you implying that Melchizedek is also a Son of God before Jesus the son of man?

    Is Melchizedek that ‘alien’ being instructing the “son of man” as mentioned in the book of Ezekiel?

    Or is that taking you too far from your Christian fundamentalist’s moorings which see every thing written in your ‘holy’ book at the superficial level like the virgin birth?

    Liked by 1 person

  • RE Are you implying that Melchizedek is also a Son of God before Jesus the son of man

    HOW CAN THAT BE? The Preeminence Of Christ IS CLEARLY TAUGHT IN (Colossians 1:15-19)

    “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. And he is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything he might have the supremacy. For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through his blood, shed on the cross”

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