EMERA's Barbados Light & Power Company To Apply for a Hike in Rate Soon

EMERA Caribbean President Sarah MacDonald

EMERA Caribbean President Sarah MacDonald

EMERA Caribbean President Sarah MacDonald has signalled that the company will be applying to the Fair Trading Commission (FTC) for a rate increase in the near future. The Canadian owner of Barbados’ sole electricity generation and distribution company intends to build a 60 megawatt power generation plant.  We have been told that the current plant is old and inefficient. The bad news is that consumers are likely see their base rate move up BUT with anticipated improvement in operating efficiency the fuel adjustment should move down giving users a net benefit.

And in related news.

The FTC has completed its review of the best method the Barbados Light & Power must calculate the Fuel Adjustment Clause (FAC). The recommendation from the consultant and accepted by the FTC is that the BL&P will have to use its historical cost of fuel and NOT projected cost when administering the FCA.

Recently a BU – Bunker C and BL&P Revisited – blog recorded some insightful exchanges between commenters, although technical, the issue of how BL&P calculates key cost activities which ultimately affects the consumer should concern us all. Here are a few of the exchanges from that blog which should be of interest.

Barbadians were told the generators installed at the Spring Garden would positively impact cost of power generation:

B. A . Stard | May 15, 2013 at 9:23 PM | | Edit


Mr. Worme need to tell us why we have not benefitted from the new system as spring gardens. We were promised a reduction in electricity cost and that company has recouped the cost of installing the generator many times over.
Those engines made and installed by the Koreans are designed to run on the least expensive low grade bunker fuel , unfortunately before the engines were commissioned, the manufacturing of this cheap fuel ceased.

Here is how BL&P uses Bunker C needed to power its two steam turbines, also get an insight into how BL&P generates power:

TheBoxer | May 16, 2013 at 2:01 PM | | Edit

Bunker C or fuel oil # 6 is a byproduct of crude oil. Its is a highly viscous tarry residual that comes just before asphalt in the refining process. It is solid at room temperature has to be either heated or mixed with other heavy fuel oils ((HFO) before it can be used in the power plant. BL&P mixes Bunker C with Gas Oil, a lighter fuel that it gets locally from Asphalt Processors. Hence they refer to it as Bunker C/ HFO.

BL&P uses it for its two steam turbines and its six low speed diesel plant because it is the cheapest (and dirtiest) fuel available. These two types of plant are used primarily as base load because of their higher efficiency and lower fuel costs. The most efficient are the low speed diesel plant particularly the recent one (D14 and D15) installed by the Koreans. They achieve efficiencies of 43-45%. They need only about 0.19 liters of fuel to generate 1kwh of electricity and any first year engineer student knowing those heat rates and the price at which BL&P buys Bunker C ($1500/ ton) would determine that the cost to produce one kwh of electricity using the low speed diesel plant is about Bds $0.30. Using a similar exercise for the steam plant one would determine that the cost of generation would be about Bds$0.47 per Kwh primarily because of the lower efficiencies (30%).

The exercise for gas turbines is a bit tricky because there are used for peak load and as such they can run at full load or sometimes as low as 40% of their maximum continuous rating in which case their efficiency falls off tremendously. These plants use either diesel or jet fuel and that again makes them more expensive to run. But there are necessary for grid stability and for balancing supply with demand at peak periods. There are responsible for 20% of the production of electricity as compared with 66 % for low speed diesel and 14% for Steam the other base load plants.

Overall the gas turbines produce electricity at an average of $0.85 per kwh but this can vary from $0.65 to $1.05 depending on the circumstances and the type of fuel. When one computes the weighted average of these components given their respective importance to the production of electricity you can see why we have arrived at Fuel Clause Adjustments in the ballpark of $0.45 /Kwh.

Hope the above helps clear up an misunderstanding pertaining to the mysteries of electrical power generation in this country.

If there is a peak period demand, why is it that BL&P does not offer an off peak rate for all or some users? I am thinking of little things like swimming pool pumps, that in some cases could be run at night at lower rates on timers.

The recent Pilot Program that concluded on December 31,2013 and which examined the impact of interconnecting renewables to the grid had, among other things, a Time of Use Rider (TOU) that was designed to reflect the differences in the cost-to-serve or marginal cost of generation during peak and non-peak hours. Peak hours being determined by BL&P as 10 a.m to 9 p.m week days.

The program was intended for only large power customers of which nine (9) participated. They included Barbados Water Authority, R.L.Seale, Barbados Mills and West Indian Rum Refinery among others.

TOU pricing is a common feature in power utility management world wide since it rebalances the load from peak period where it is very expensive to serve to non-peak hours where demand and costs are lower.

This component of the Pilot program was not very successful and as far as I gather only Water Authority saw some benefits because of the nature of their load and the fact that their pumps work continuously. They could have realized greater savings if they employ the strategies of R.L.Seale and a few others who used their in house generation to satisfy their load at peak period and used the Grid to benefit from the lower off-peak rates.

Others refused to participate because either they could not see the economic benefit of it (the differential between the rates were too small) or that their normal business operations would have been too impacted.

TOU pricing is an important part of integrating renewable energy into the grid and should be available to all customer both large and small. BL&P, however, have express concerns that this would cause significant diminution of there revenues if done on a large scale even though they will enjoy the obvious benefit of not having to invest in expensive power plant in order to meet their peak production needs.

Are Barbadians being charged a fair rate in light of the assurance that we were given that we were supposed to get cheaper electricity cost when the Spring Garden plant was commissioned, my source does not think so. Please, no theoretical response as I would asked that your response be analysed against what is believed.

I can’t express an opinion on what is a ‘fair rate’. All I can say is that without the two Diesel Plants, D14 and D15, the combined heat rates of the remaining Diesel, Steam and Gas turbine would be much higher and the Fuel Clause Adjustment (FCA) much higher all things being equal.
Having said that there are other factors that drive up the FCA and these include equipment availability, dispatching strategies, rising fuel costs etc. Some of these are due to BL&P’s management, others are due to the suitability and age of the equipment and public policy.

If by ‘fair rate’ you are referring to aspects of the rate design then that was litigated by the FTC and others in the last rate hearing (2008) in which BL& P were given the opportunity to earn a certain required level of revenue to recover reasonable operational expenses and at the same time earn a specific return on their employed assets (otherwise known as the rate base).

We want to know if there is any financial ‘hanky-panky’ or ‘frigging-in-the- rigging with regard to what is collected from consumers in the form the FCA (not the energy charge) and what is paid to the various fuel suppliers as per their invoices for actual fuels delivered for use in the generation process.

Can anyone confirm that there is no mingling of revenues generated from the FCA with those charged in respect of the BL&P’s energy charge inclusive of its guaranteed rate of return?

I appreciate your concerns because I too harboured those thoughts also about the FCA but after doing the calculations and reading the Consultation Report I was comforted that BL&P have been above reproach in that regard.

What I am not comforted about is their approach to the Integration of renewables generation into their generation mix and this is where I think they are making a huge mistake. I think they should face the fact that distributed generation is a reality that is occurring with or without their willingness to participate.

Photo Voltaic generation is here to stay and they need embrace it now and change their out-dated business model or suffer the consequences later when they end up with stranded assets expecting the remaining rate paying customers to bail them out with further burdensome rates.The sad consequence of this approach is that these remaining grid customers will the ones who either rent homes, or who face restrictive covenants and are either unable or can’t afford to put panels on their roofs. A huge fairness issue looms now over who pays for the cost of renewable expansion in this country and no one seems to be aware of it.

No one relishes the idea of a doomsday scenario played out before our eyes with BL&P facing declining revenues and stranded generation assets. And so as to protect BL& P from its destructive self, policy makers should step in now and deregulate the supply of electricity, separating it from its delivery. BL&P would be still responsible for the transmission and distribution which remain regulated. But generation, open to competition, will produce immediate and substantial benefits to consumers. Any generator of electricity, large or small, could negotiate contracts with BL&P for the supply of electricity. BL&P would still continue to schedule, dispatch and control the supply of electricity to meet the demand for electricity.

The reason I am optimistic such a plan would work is simple. In Barbados 65% of the cost of electricity is in generation versus 25% elsewhere in the developed world. If we could reduce that by even 20%, I think we would be better off. It happen with the Airlines and the Telecommunications Industry. Will it happen here? Probably not. The reason being is that companies like BL&P attract risk-averse investors who put their money in utilities because they want or need dividends to be paid no matter what happens. Directors of these companies will not let a CEO make changes that can bring about uncertainty.

Other challenges confront renewable expansion. These relate to planning, investment, technology, infrastructure and grid management. Taken as a whole, something tells me if we are banking on renewable energy as an economic game changer then it isn’t happening anytime soon.

I am still not entirely convinced that the BL&P does not benefit financially from the FCA charged to customers. Only a comprehensive review by a real ‘independent’ audit would allay fears of any price gouging on the part of the BL&P to meet any short falls in the rate of return the fixed energy charge is unable to achieve because of reduction in kilowatt demand arising from a depressed economy. Hence the BL&P’s lack of enthusiasm for greater emphasis on renewables substitution which would affect generation capacity.There is still time rather than wait until they end up with a lot.

I am not sure about the process of getting from where we are now to where we need to go, however, I share your concerns about the cosy nature of local business relationships.

It is my view that this process must not only be fair and transparent, but must appear so to the general public. All investors large and small should be given the opportunity to participate, even though we expect that given the size of the undertaking the usual suspects will come forward and dominate. But we are all Barbadians and this is still Barbados. What we should ensure is that the process be guided by an outside consulting firm, since this is something that while new to Barbados but certainly not new to the rest of the world.

As far as the ‘huge differential between the FCA charged to consumers and the landed cost of imported fuel’ all I can say there is a differential and leave it at that. Additionally, you may or may not know that the FTC is litigating that matter before the courts now and BNOCL are not the Plaintiffs. One way or the other we will know soon if this is a hidden tax or not, but do not look at BL&P because you are not going to find the answer to your question there.

29 thoughts on “EMERA's Barbados Light & Power Company To Apply for a Hike in Rate Soon

  1. How much do these Commissioners make anyway. Look, just give the vagabonds what they ask and forget the blasted charade … for all we know BL&P could also be a secret contributor to the five year swop-the-top show along with so many other major contractors and discount houses

    • A listen to Sarah Macdonald’s press conference she made several references to conversations with FTC and government by way of feedback about the light and power bill to be brought to parliament soon. She pledged her commitment to the future of energy generation read renewable energy.She enlightened the public that the agreement to generate power for Barbados is non exclusive. Her present concern is that BL&P must honour its commitment to provide uninterpreted service. To deliver it has to judiciously manage intermittent feeds to the grid. Now we understand why Senator Darcy feels the way he does about not compromising the operations of our sole power company.

  2. I must admit to being out of my depth in any technical discussion about the generation and distribution of electricity and the questions that occur to me may be simplistic. If so an explanation would be appreciated.


    1. The cost of operating generating plant on fossil fuel will continue to rise.
    2. The availability of fossil fuel will diminish as global reserves continue to be depleted.

    In light of the two above assumptions and the fact that the Government has an expressed policy of migrating to renewables as a source of power, why would the B,L& P not embrace that policy and invest the money it plans to spend on a new 60 megawatt power plant in renewable energy infrastructure?

    B L & P is clearly worried about profitability as it is planning to approach the FTC for a rate hike, but it seems to me that an investment in renewable energy would address this problem in the long term in a more sustainable manner. What am I missing that the B L & P strategists know?

    • To support Inkwell’s point, it appears EMERA in Canada has shown the appetite to include RE as part of their generation strategy.
      New England is a growth market for renewables, Canada’s Emera says
      08/16/2013 | SNL Financial (free content)
      Canadian energy group Emera said that there is strong demand for renewable energy and transmission capacity in New England, as evidenced by the results of the requests for proposals by Massachusetts and Connecticut. Emera is well-positioned to meet that demand through its Northeast Energy Link transmission project and its joint venture with First Wind to operate wind farms in the Northeast, said company President and CEO Chris Huskilson.
      View Full Article in:
      SNL Financial (free content)

    • If we accept what is written on the front page of the Sunday Sun today that Emera’s wants an assurance from government that its license due to expire in 2028 will be rolled over for 40 years, it begs the question. Why would it have fought for sole ownership of BL&P without said assurance?

    • @Hants

      Everybody who has a brain understands we have to force down our cost of production to be competitive, to your point. Also there is the opportunity in forex cost savings not to forget the security of building a buffer to exogenous hits with a volatile ME and depletion of fossil reserves.

    • @Hants

      To address you other concern about the pace. The pace will always be controlled by the politics of the environment and the hold which BL&P has on the key stakeholders. There is the threat that in order to maintain a high level of service feeding the grid must be planned for in a systematic and organized matter.

    •   Dividend stocks: Why I’m not pulling the plug on Emera
      INVESTMENT REPORTER — The Globe and Mail
      Published Tuesday, Oct. 01 2013, 8:44 PM EDT
      Last updated Wednesday, Oct. 02 2013, 6:41 AM EDT
      Rising interest rates have pummelled plenty of dividend stocks, and Emera Inc. is no exception.
      Since hitting a record high of more than $37 in April, shares of the Halifax-based electricity producer and distributor have plunged 20 per cent. They closed Tuesday at $29.84 on the Toronto Stock Exchange.

  3. I am pleased to see that you all clearly understand what is happening.

    Emera has to constantly seek to maximize profits for their investors.

    Where will these profits come from? The consumers who are exploited by a monopoly.

    Barbados must include alternative energy to supply electricity. It is not just people’s houses that require electricity.

    Businesses trying to be competitive will suffer from increased rates as well.

    Those of us living in Canada also suffer from ever increasing electricity bills.

    David (BU) has been preaching alternative energy for years. Wunna betta listen an pressure government to do something.

  4. Interestingly, I work in a building in Toronto where about 75% of the roof is covered with Solar Panels.
    They sell the power to Ontario Hydro.

    If this is done in Toronto,Canada (winter – 20C) why is it so difficult to add Solar as an alternative energy source.

  5. The government was warned not sell its NIS shares to Emera, so we will reap the whirlwind of a poor decision.
    Reading what this woman said in today’s SUN, she came over as very pushy (I suppose she has to). The request for the 40 year license is like blackmail to me, though she denies it.
    Savings down the road, what. The BL&P assured us that our bills would come down after the installation of the latest equipment down Spring Garden. I wont hold my breath for any future reductions!

    • @Prodigal Son

      Sarah Macdonald stated what EMERA has proposed for Barbados was implemented in The Bahamas with good success. We should investigate the veracity of it to be fair.

    • Here is a report from Bahamas:

      TAYLOR: Emera eyes turnaround at Grand Bahama January 3, 2013 – 10:01pm BY ROGER TAYLOR | BUSINESS COLUMNIST

      Nova Scotia’s Emera Inc. is projecting 2013 to be a turnaround year for one of its Caribbean investments.

      The prediction was found in a prospectus for a new offering of preferred shares by Grand Bahama Power Co., a subsidiary of the Halifax energy conglomerate.

      Grand Bahama Power expects to have a 42.1 per cent jump in profitablity this year, but Sasha Irving, Emera’s director of corporate communications, points out that the improved profit projection comes after a couple of years of losses for the Caribbean utility.

      Grand Bahama Power lost $2.1 million in 2010 and almost $500,000 in 2011, Irving says. So the improved profit forecast is part of a three-year plan to turn things around.

      “The projections have GBPC returning to the type of earnings they would have had prior to 2010-09,” Irving says.

      Grand Bahama Power also revealed in the prospectus that it expects to report $8.68 million in after-tax profit for 2012 and anticipates net income will rise to $12.33 million in 2013 due to greater efficiency and a new regulated return on equity implemented last July.

      That formula is similar to the one the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board uses for another of Emera’s regulated subsidiaries, Nova Scotia Power.

      Grand Bahama Power is also reported to be working with its regulator, the Grand Bahama Port Authority, to develop a fuel hedging strategy to better manage power rate volatility. Grand Bahama residents protested in the recent past over dramatic increases that the Emera subsidiary had introduced in their power bills.

      Sale of the preferred shares, which target high net worth and institutional investors, is expected to raise $30.88 million in net proceeds for Grand Bahama Power. The company will use the money to repay loans to another Emera subsidiary, Emera Caribbean.

      The loans were used to help finance construction of the $72-million West Sunrise electricity-generating station on Grand Bahama island. The natural gas-powered facility is significantly more efficient than previous generating stations.

      Irving says the operation on Grand Bahama island is the same as how Nova Scotia Power works.

      “We invest in the new plant … we make a rate of return within our allowable band on our investment, but fuel costs come down from what they otherwise would have been at the old plant and so really customers benefit.”

      Because of the new generating station, Grand Bahama Power now projects that fuel costs should drop to $48.9 million this year from $64.1 million in 2011.

      With an increase in profitability forecast, Grand Bahama Power has indicated it is also ready to resume paying dividends.

      Meanwhile, another of Emera’s Caribbean investments, Light & Power Holdings of Barbados, is reported to be close to completing a deal to acquire 61 per cent of Grenada Electricity Services.

      The Barbadian company is outbidding the Grenadian government, which had expressed interest in reacquiring Grenada Electricity Services from its Florida owner.

      Light & Power Holdings, minority-owned by Emera, also holds a majority interest in St. Lucia Electricity Services and has another deal in the works to take over 52 per cent of Dominica Electricity Services Ltd.

      The Grenadian government has been in negotiations with Light & Power Holdings in anticipation of it taking control of Grenada Electricity Services.

      It has been reported that as a result of those talks, Grenada Electricity Services will be given exclusive rights to generate power using only fossil fuels.


  6. @David… I hope to say much more on this but for now let me just say that the problem is not with Emera, it is with the FTC. I am convinced more than ever that the FTC as presently configured is incapable of serving the interest of Barbados and Barbadians. I would even venture to suggest that we as a country would be better off without this organization.

    My reason for saying this is simple. We have three laws on our books that govern the regulatory operations of BL&P: (1) the FTC Act (2) the Utilities Regulation Act and (3) the Electric Light and Power Act. We have a fully staff organization with commissioners to interpret and administer these laws in the best interest of the country and stakeholders. Yet when we compare ourselves and what we get from BL&P with what obtains in Saint Lucia with LUCELEC, one can definitely make the case that we would be better off without the FTC.

    LUCELEC is by far the most efficient, most profitable and most innovative utility in the entire caribbean. It has half our customer base and one-third of our generation but as a recent 2012 CARILEC survey reports LUCELEC has found that the Saint Lucia Electric Company has ‘by far the lowest rates among residential customers’ among the fourteen countries that took part in the survey (Trinidad was excluded for obvious reasons).

    In 2011 the company shares were valued at EC$25.00. It agreed to a two to one stock spilt and in less than a year its share value was back up to EC$25.00 level. 2011 was the same year that LPH bought 20% shareholding in LCELEC for BDS$52 million and one can see why. This company has historically enjoyed a return on equity (ROE) of 20% and in recent times dividends per share of BDS $1.10 (2009); BDS$ 1.19 (2010) and BDS$0.59 (2011, the year of the stock split). LPH has historically paid dividends around BDS $0.40 per share. However, since EMERA has taken over the dividends have been increasing and now stand around the BDS$ 0.48 per share level.

    I say all the above to drive home the point that the difference between the two utilities is that there in no regulatory body like the FTC or PUB in ST Lucia that regulates electric power. That’s the responsibility of a government minister who has a portfolio that includes science, technology and a myriad other things. Saint Lucia only has one law, the Electric Supply Act, that regulates electric power. We have three and a whole host of highly paid individuals that seem to rubber-stamp ever suggestion that comes from Spring Garden.

    I don’t think it is necessary to even discuss innovation at this point. I will leave that for later date, but suffice it to note that LUCELEC is at an advanced stage of grid modernization, inclusive of smart metering and Distributed Automation, steps necessary for a significant penetration of renewable energy.

    • @Mike Macleary

      Yes the Commissioners are there to interpret the three Acts which regulate the utilities BUT the Acts can’t spell out how situations should be interpreted. For example, how was the cap determined for RE customers who want to feed the grid?

  7. @ David
    What FTC what?!?
    The difference lies in the differences in the history of leadership between the two….as it does with practically everything else…..

  8. http://www.lucelec.com/content/electricity-rates-st-lucia-among-lowest-caribbean

    Electricity rates in St. Lucia are among the lowest in the Caribbean. Proof of this comes from the latest Tariff Study Report produced by CARILEC, the Caribbean Electric Utility Service Corporation.

    The CARILEC report shows that for the first half of this year (January – June 2012), St. Lucia had the lowest electricity rates for residential customers among the 14 reporting countries. Residential customers using 100 or 400 kilowatt hours (kWh) or units in St. Lucia enjoyed better rates than their counterparts in the other OECS territories, Curacao, Barbados, St. Marten, Jamaica, the Cayman Islands, the Turks & Caicos Islands, the US Virgin Islands and Bermuda which were among the countries submitting data for the study.

    For commercial customers using 2,000 and 5,000 units St. Lucia’s rates are third and fourth lowest respectively behind Barbados, St. Maarten and Jamaica. In the industrial customer categories using over one hundred thousand units, St. Lucia drops to sixth lowest, with St. Vincent and Grenada coming in lower than St. Lucia in that grouping.

    LUCELEC’s Managing Director Trevor Louisy attributes St. Lucia’s comparatively low rates to the company’s focus on constantly improving efficiencies and prudent management of its operating costs. “We’ve also been running a fairly successful fuel price hedging programme which has helped to minimise fluctuations in the fuel surcharge. In fact, the CARILEC study shows that for the first half of 2012, LUCELEC had the lowest fuel surcharge among the grouping,” Louisy noted.

    CARILEC represents 31 countries in the Caribbean, accounting for some 33 utility members, including LUCELEC, and has been conducting tariff surveys among its member utilities twice a year since 2002. The surveys consider domestic, commercial and industrial electricity rates in bands of 100 and 400 kilowatt hours (kWh) for domestic or residential customers, 2,000 and 5,000 kWh for commercial customers and 10,000 and 100,000 kWh for industrial customers.

  9. Appears to me that most or all of us Barbadians must look to invest in our own mini-power stations, with or without the aid of government and forget about being tied to the grid. Battery reliability is advancing by the day; with a few solar panels and a small wind mill on our rooftops can supply all the electricity one needs.We are fully aware of battery disposal, when it has
    out live its useful life.
    What matters most to BL&P is its inability to force up out electricity bills when it pleases and our unwillingness to take action toward the government for working against its own people..

  10. We have been cognisant of the fact that BL&P will do its best to further its cause, not ours.BL&P is not interested in renewable energy as a means of doing its bit for the planet. Its bottom line, is its ability to increase its profit margin year after year. The loosers are the people whom it servises. BL&P is aware of the fact that each government is weak, with little authority to stand up for
    what is in the best interest for the people.The government has no one with credibility to inform on its behalf, thus giving BL&P further leaverage to dictate what and where it wants .

  11. “Why would it have fought for sole ownership of BL&P without said assurance?”

    just asking how they acquired sole ownership.

  12. “The request for the 40 year license is like blackmail to me, though she denies it.”

    Prodigal -did you not hear the lady say as well in no uncertain terms that ‘business is business’; perhaps Emera is now seizing the business opportunity and going for the jugular now the ship seems to be sinking as rejection of our bonds on the international market tend to suggest.

  13. The Alternative Energy people in Today’s Nation says it is black mail …! What is it with this MacDonald surname and utility companies nah …? Yah get rid ah one an’ a nex’ one appear outa nowhere … Stupse ..!

  14. Is the BL&P kidding?
    Generate more nasty power with artifacts to destroy our electronic equipment and ask for more money to do so?
    Generate non-standard power ( 120V @ 50 Hz) when the rest of the world has adopted STANDARDS and dare to ask for a rate increase?
    Continue to blame monkeys, falling twigs, automotive collisions with poles and plain old rain for island-wide power failures and ask for additional funds to do so?
    Are we sleeping in Barbados or just to silly to understand that these folks need to be sent packing along with husky-voice Darcy Boyce!
    Get the rid of this collective group of robbers, thieves, rogues, bandits, villains and blood-suckers and implement alternative energy where-ever possible.
    If these folk had said that they were going to invest in a solar/wind farm, I would have said OK to a rate hike only for a fixed period until the amortized amount had been paid off. But to another specially ordered non-standard plant to continue to destroy our appliances, keep them in power, keep us enslaved and rape Barbados financially to Canada’s benefit? NO!

  15. The Emera shareholders in Canada, who now hold the shares which the Barbadians, including the Government, cashed in,like bottle returns, can look forward to increase dividends , for as sure as night follows day, they will be awarded a rate increase.
    Everbody seems to have a winning streak these days when they come up against Bajans.
    As the saying goes ,We ain’t PWDGO.

  16. is McDonald a bajan name?
    you people are the biggest crooks in barbados well one of the many big crooks.
    take take take,i hope you die slowly and painfully.
    and such good service too.
    hello look up at the sun people ,start getting solar houses and tell barbados electric company to go funk them selves as they have done many times in the past.

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